STANDISH OF DUXBURY
7.7. Duxbury Ancient & Modern
Helen Moorwood 2013
This was a map prepared many moons ago (late 1990s) to accompany early articles on the Duxburys of Duxbury and my ‘Quest for the 3 Grails in Duxbury’, q.v. in 8.3. Although my cartographical skills (then as now) leave much to be desired, it still serves to make many basic points. I was, of course, drawing on the same sources as the Estate Map c.1584 given in 7.6., but the drawing of this latter map still lay many years in the future. The Ancient & Modern map was also drawn up on the basis of much driving around and field-walking, covering almost every square foot of land, usually on foot.
The main aim was to discover the strongest possible contending site for the original Deowuc’s Burgh and, as closely as possible from documents, account for ownership at various times of all the rest of Duxbury. One as yet unsolved puzzle is where Family B lived in Duxbury from the time of their becoming a fecund junior branch by the middle of the 14th century until Richard[10B3] moved to Manchester, where he is recorded as having land in 1597.
Certain areas emerged, to which I assigned numbers.
1 74 acres, Duxbury (Old) Hall demesne; Duxbury of Duxbury sold in 1524 to Standish of Standish.
1a Deowuc’s Burgh, with Duxbury (Old) Hall on top or nearby.
1b Farnworth House, possible site of later Hall between 1000 & 1400 AD; more land cultivated;
17th C almost certainly lived in by Farnworth, who acted as ‘stewards’ to Standish of Duxbury.
1c Later cultivation because marshy.
1d Even later, because marshy.
1e Mixed purposes because paths & roads kept moving.
1f Ditto, when A5106 built in 1760-70.
1g Mine shafts – 18th/19th centuries?
2 Beyond the Yarrow, probably never Duxbury family, only developed by Standish.
2a Early development by Standish after building The Pele, because the Duxburys owned all the rest.
2b Another separate ancient Anglo-Saxon fortification, which later became Burgh, most likely home of Thurstan Standish, when he moved here c.1500.
2c Later development, could have been any time Domesday onwards.
2d Probable site of a mediaeval messuage, dependent on Burgh rather than Duxbury proper.
3 Duxbury (New) Hall demesne
3a Mediaeval open fields, became Duxbury Park surrounding Duxbury (New) Hall.
3b Great Bottoms & Hard Fields, probably just left as open land or later parkland.
3c Original John Field, adjacent to John Wood, granted by Duxbury of Duxbury to the Knights of St John the Hospitallers during the Crusades, ergo received special treatment until this dedication ceased. A boundary stone from this time is still there, buried in John Wood (photograph on mylesstandish.info).
4 Perhaps always acknowledged as a special part of the Manor; characterised by a different field pattern from the rest (see Duxbury Estate map 7.6; close to the road up to the site of Bretters, a moated mediaeval manor-house in Heath Charnock; most likely tenant farmers or younger Standish of Standish sons.
4a Site of Littlehead; because bordering on Heath Charnock, this is a strong contestant for the dwelling of Christopher[9D2] of Heath Charnock.
4b Another small tenant farm
5 Similar to 4
5a Liptrots Farm
5b Maybe together with Liptrots Farm
6 North - Ellerbeck Hall & demesne (this was HM’s siting in the late 1990s)
South - later New Barn, which T. C. Porteus (History of Parish of Standish, 1933) thought might be the site of Duxbury (Old) Hall. The compiler of 7.6 Estate Map c.1584 assumed the southern site for Ellerbeck Old Hall. In any case this was definitely NOT the site of Duxbury (Old) Hall.