STANDISH OF DUXBURY
2. DP397 The Standish of Duxbury Muniments
Deeds Purchased (1965) by the Lancashire Record Office (now Lancashire Archives)
[Commentaries by Helen Moorwood 2002-2013]
2J. DP397, 1577-1619: Thomas[9D1] and Alexander[10A1] Restore Order
Settlement: moiety of manor of Heath Charnock and other property there and in Hyndley, Little Crosby, Lancaster, Scotforth, Burroo, Preston, Chorley, Longton, Gosenarghe and Threlfall. 1577.
Another, as 21/12.
[Add. & edit of 2004 notes. This was a settlement by Thomas Standish (2)[9D1], who had just married Margaret Hoghton, “bastard” daughter of Sir Richard Hoghton of Hoghton, widow of Thomas Standish (1)[9A1]. The full story is given in AS’s biography. AS’s story is still onthe Duxbury Family Historywebsite (since 2004), but has now been revised on this website in the folder 6. BIOGRAPHIES as 6.1.Alexander[10A1] (1567-1622).]
Survey of Duxbury (?). (Rough) 26 Oct. 1577.
(This is a sketch map of the combined lands of the two Thomas Standishes of Duxbury.)
[Add.It was used as one of the sources when drawing the map of the Duxbury Estate in c.1584, given in 7. MAPS.]
Lease in Whittle-le Woods. 1581.
Bond: in £300: Thomas Standishe of Duckesburie, esq. to Christofer Standishe of Chorley, gent., his brother, - Thomas Standishe to fulfil award of Syr Gilbert Gerrard, kt., master of the Rolles, and of William Gerrarde, esq., brother of Sir Gilberte Gerrard concerning all matters between James Standish and Christofer Standishe. 15 Aug. 1583.
(Sir Gilbert Gerard, master of the rolls, wasJames[8A1]’s nephew-in-law. Yet another of the four Butler heiresses, Isabel, had married Thomas Radcliffe of Winmarleigh and their daughter Ann married Sir Gilbert. William Gerard was his brother and a lawyer in London. Sir Gilbert was often required to arbitrate in disputes in Lancashire. It seems they were still sorting out the financial problems from above.)
[Add.The gap between this document and the next includes, of course, the time of Myles’s birth, whether this was in 1584 or 1587. No clues at all here, which is hardly surprising, if his family was living over at Ormskirk. Many contemporary events there are covered in DDHE The Hesketh Papers: The Stopforth Papers, which (will) appear in the folder MYLES STANDISH.]
13/14. c. 1590
Interrogatories relating to Copthurst in Heapey, in dispute between Thomas Standisshe esq. and Henry Butler, esq. c. 1590.
(Henry Butlerwas a cousin of the Butler heiresses and enters the ‘Shakespeare in Lancashire’ story as the uncle of John Weever, the poet from Preston, who wrote epigrams on Shakespeare and many in Hoghton circles.)
24/4 & 5 c. 1590
4 & 5are copies on one sheet of paper, made c. 1590, by Robert Swansey, with notes that originals delivered to Thomas Hoghton, esq. late father to the now Lord of Hoghton.
4. Grant: Richard Howghton, kt., to Robert son of Adam of Clayton – his half part of 7 acres of waste lying beween the new intacke of the aforesaid Robert and the Blackbroke and ditch next to Haliwall Syke in Whitthull in the Woodes – annual rent: 2s. 4d. of silver.
Witn:- John Farington, John son of Adam of Clayton, Richard of the Croke, John of Leyland, Ralph of Kerden, etc. At Whitthull in the wuddes, St. bef. Epiph.
22 Ric. II 4 Jan. 1398/9.
[Add.“Thomas Hoghton, esq. late father” was “late” because he had been killed the previous year during the ‘affray at Lea’. This has received much attention, including by Honigmann, Shakespeare: the ‘lost years’, Chapter II. His son and heir was Sir Richard Hoghton (in this deed), nephew of two Standish wives: Elizabeth née Hoghton married to Laurence[8C1] and Margaret née Hoghton married to 1) Thomas[9A1] and 2) Thomas[9D1].]
5.Grant: John Butler of Rawcliffe, kt. – his half part of premises as 4; grantee and all other particulars as 4.
Both 4 & 5 refer to property that c. 1590 was called Swansey House, according to endorsement.
(Robert Swansey acted as lawyer for the Hoghtons.)
Lease for 21 years at 5s. 10d. rent: for £5: Thomas Standishe of Duckesbury, esq. to Richard Greenfield of Scottfourth, husb. – tenement with 4 ac. land, - moiety for Elizabeth Greenfield, widow, and liberty to dig marl pits.
16 Aug. 1596.
Assignment (Heath Charnock), 1596/7.
Final concord: for £80: William Lambard, plaintiff, John Willard, Abraham Willard and Edmund Willard, gents. deforciants – 2 mess, 3 cottages, 1 cookhouse, 1 barn, 1 stable, 1 curtilage, 3 gardens, 1 orchard, 20 ac. land, 40 ac. meadow, 60 ac. pasture, 6 ac. wood, 4 ac. moor in Tunbridge and Leigh next Tunbridge. (Kent) 23 May, 1597.
(This is the only mention of Kent in the family papers.)
Quitclaim: for £20 annuity from manor of Heapey – estates in Dukesburie, Heapey and Anglezarke. 1600.
(This was the grant by Alexander Standish[10A1] to his younger brother Leonard[10A2], according to the terms of the will of their stepfather Thomas[9D1], who had died the previous year. Comments on most of the following documents, until AS’s death in 1622, are included in his biography.)
[Add.When writing the biography of Alexander Standish (online since 2004) I referred to him as A.S.,(now AS with the full stops removed) to distinguish him from all or any other Alexander Standishes. This seemed, at the time, to be the most appropriate way to distinguish him. From now on he is always given his PIN [10A1]. His revised biography is 6.1. Alexander[10A1] (1575-1622).]
Bargain and sale, - Great Avenham, the Water wyllows, Causey meadows, the Cliffe, the great Cliffe, the Woodhoolme, Albenhey. (Preston) 4 Mar. 1600/1.
[It is not known who was buying and who was selling these lands. I have assumed, for lack of a more appropriate person, that the Standish of Duxbury concerned was Alexander [10A1], now the owner of the largest set of estates ever in the history of the Standishes of Duxbury. It was around this time that he commissioned the Standish Pew in St Laurence’s, Chorley. The following year he appeared at Preston Guild (Preston Guild Rolls).]
Agreement: for £10: Robert Chernocke of Astley, esq. to Alexander Standishe of Duxburie, esq. – Alexander Standishe to have and enjoy the first part, called the Eastesyde of the wood, and Robert Chernocke to enjoy the second part, called the Westesyde of the wood, of the lands of the manor of Heath Charnock, belonging to both Robert Chernocke and Alexander Standishe, lately divided by Robert Chernocke – under 5 heads, with detailed schedules of both parts attached. Reference to stones from the Slate Ridge feeld. 13 Mar. 1600/1.
[Add.Only in the last few years (i.e. 2005 onwards), since Bill Walker (author of Duxbury in Declineand The History of St George’s, Chorley) became closely involved in examining documentation on Colonel Richard, has it become obvious that the Charnocks are key figures in many transactions after the Civil War. This is of relevance to Myles Standish as the period when he and later his son Alexander were making their attempts to reclaim their lands in the SMALL ESTATE, as detailed in Myles’s Will in 1656, with Alexander still making claims in his will in 1702, having dispatched Robert Orchard to Lancashire to make enquiries. There are (faint) hopes that within the next few years it might be possible to produce the most definitive possible biographies of Colonel Richard[11B1] and Alexander Standish of Duxbury[10A1], who were/are certainly (agreed by all and sundry ‘interesteds’ in Chorley) THE KEY FIGURES to understanding all the previous Myles Mysteries surrounding his Lancashire lands and the subsequent dramatic claims to the LARGE ESTATES in the 19th century. The Manx Isle in the Irish Sea will play no part in their biographies.]
Receipt: for £200: for moiety of manor of Whittle-le-Woods. 1605.
Letter: the King to Alexander Standish, requiring him to pay £20 to James Anderton, esq., collector for the King. (Printed). 31 Jul. 1605.
Papers relating to case in Chancery concerning estate of Sir Thomas Langton, kt. in Walton-le-Dale. c. 1582-1615/16.
(This was the aftermath of the ‘affray at Lea’ [in 1589] and sorting out Sir Thomas’s affairs when he died in 1605 without a son and heir.)
[Add.N.B. This has next to nothing to do with the Myles Standish story, but much to do with ‘Shakespeare’s Lancashire Links’. Full abstracts/transcriptions of these documents are thus postponed to a full discussion of these in future publications. Suffice it for the moment to say that Alexander[10A1] was widowed in 1604; was in London soon afterwards concerning legal matters with Lord Chancellor Ellesmere Thomas Egerton, second husband 1600-1617 of Countess Alice, widow of Ferdinando, 5th Earl of Derby; and in her second widowhood after 1617 Alexander installed Alice in his manor of Anglezarke, where she was still living (granted to her for her life) when he died in 1622.]
Mittimus: to Constable of Chester Castle – to take into custody William Charnock, gent. as a ‘dangerous recusant’.
(contemp. Copy). 15 Jan. 1618/19.
[Add. 2013. A reminder that Catholics still had a very significant presence in Lancashire.]