2. DP397 The Standish of Duxbury Muniments

Deeds Purchased (1965) by the Lancashire Record Office (now Lancashire Archives)

2G. 1466-1513: Sir Christopher[6A1] & son Thomas[7A1]

[Commentaries by Helen Moorwood 2002-2013]

4/7.                                                     1466

Bond:   in £200:   William Bradshaigh and James his son and Thomas Caterall to James Standish and Cristofor his sonWilliam Bradshaigh, James Bradshaigh and Elizabeth, daughter of William Bradshaigh to perform award of Thomas, Lord Stanley, concerning all actions ‘variance of mariage’, ‘hevenes’ and debates except an obligation of James Standish for Robert Bold to William Bradshaigh which is put to the ‘dome’ of William of Radcliff esq. between William Bradshaigh, James Bradshaigh, Elizabeth Bradshaigh, James Standish and Cristofer Standish his son.   Award to be given before ‘logh Monday’ next.

21 Feb.  6 Edw. IV                                                                                                 1466.

 (This was presumably in preparation for the marriage of Christopher[6A1] to Elizabeth Bradshagh of Haigh near Wigan. She died before producing any children, or at least no children that survived).

[Add.It is from this document that the birth date of (later Sir) Christopher can be established. It might have been a child marriage, or he might have been approaching marriageable age. In either case it is a reasonable assumption to award him a birth date of ?c.1450, i.e. give or take a few years. There is no evidence of any earlier brothers.

Given that the birth of father James[5A3] must have been some time after 1400, and that he was busy in documents in the 1430s and 1440s, this gives a slight problem in accounting for the date of birth of son and heir Christopher, if James was already knocking on 50 years of age. One need not hunt too far for several common sense explanations: 1) James might actually have been born as late as 1410 (even later?), which would make him more like 40 when Christopher was born; 2) he might well have had one or more previous sons who had died young - they have just not survived in records; 3) Christopher might have been born earlier rather than later than 1450; 4) the naming of Christopher[6A1] after his grandfather Christopher[4A1] does not necessarily mean that he was the first born. There are endless contemporary examples of a first son dying young, thus giving a later son the same name. All of these put together allow the reasonable award of a birth date for father James of 1400> and we can leave (Sir) Christopher as c.1450.

This might be the most appropriate place to mention that the mother of son and heir Christopher[6A1] was Alice Bradshaw of Haigh. We know this because a member of the Standish of Duxbury family recorded the pedigree of the family in DP397/15/2 in preparation for the Visitation of 1567. “James Standishe maried Alis the daughter of Bradshaughe of Haughe and had a son Christopher”. This in itself poses problems for the later marriage of Christopher also to a Bradshaw of Haigh, but it need not unduly concern us in the current context, because after Christopher and Elizabeth had married in 1468, following the contract in this document, she died without producing any children.]

1/3.                                                     1466

Receipt:   for 20s of silver: William Benet, executor of will of Thomas Benet, his father to James Standish – payment of sum awarded to Thomas Benet by Ralph Chernocke and Thomas Standissh, in arbitration between Thomas Benet and James and Hugh Standissh.

Feast of St. Martin in Winter, 6 Edw. IV                                                       11 Nov. 1466.

[Add. Thomas and Hugh Standishwere almost certainly not of Family A.It would be most logical or convenient to assume that they were members of Family B, of the generation after Sir Hugh Standish[4B1] of Duxbury at Agincourt. If this assumption is correct, it is interesting that they are pretty well the only early Standishes from Family B to appear in this Collection. This in itself is surprising, because it was Family B, after their takeover (in the best possible sense of the word) by Colonel Richard[11B1] in 1647, who preserved the Standish of Duxbury Muniments. One can make of this what one will.]

6/6.                                                     1467

Letter of attorney:   John Ireland, clerk, rector of North Meles to Thomas Standysshe and Richard Forthe – to deliver seisin for all messuages, lands etc, which he held with William Mawdlesley, chaplain, decd. of gift of Edmund Wastley, in Chorley and elsewhere in co. Lancs, to Geoffrey Wastley.

Last day Oct. 7 Edw. IV                                                                                             1467.

[Add.This Thomas Standish is presumably the same one as in the document immediately preceding. This does not shed any illumination on his identity.]

8/1.      Duxbury Manor Court Roll                         5 Nov. 1489.

8/2.      Duxbury Manor Court Roll                               16 Jan. 1491/2.

8/3.      Duxbury Manor Court Roll                               1 Dec. 1492.

(I have not read any of these – couldn’t even begin to decipher them! They might turn up a few members in Myles’s ancestry, or not; maybe just heads of families (tenants) in Duxbury on these dates. I leave the task to someone else. More Court Manor Rolls follow under appropriate years.)

22/1.                                                   1493

Lease for 2 years at 37s. yearly:   Sir Cristofer Standyssh, kt. to Sir Alisondur Standyss, kt. – garden with court at the manor of Stanyssh with parcels of lands called ‘the greignz’, ‘the Galts medow’, ‘the Hegh feld’.                14 Apr. 1493.

(Sir Christopher[6A1]already owned the Bradley estate, straddling the borders of Standish, Worthington and Langtree, so this was perhaps just an extension of this.)

[Add.Between the last document in 1467 and this document in 1493 lay some of the most momentous events in the history of the two main Standish families, caught up in the Wars of the Roses as well as in family events. It is odd that this period is a complete blank in the Standish of Duxbury Muniments. Sir Christopher does appear as a witness in two documents in the Standish Deeds in 1483 (181, 182).

Sir Christopher[6A1]of Duxbury and Sir Alexander Standish of Standish had both been knighted at Hutton Field in 1482 by Lord Thomas Stanley. This was during the Siege of Berwick, which was one major event during yet another (successful) war against the Scots. The English army was led by Richard Duke of Gloucester, who the following year became Richard III. Two years later Sir Alexander was definitely at the Battle of Bosworth, and one might presume that Sir Christopher was also there, unless he was incapacitated at the time by illness. All who had supported Henry Tudor were promised on the field that they would be rewarded - and they were, Sir Alexander with a grant of £20 p.a. (Deed 184 in the Standish Deeds). Others were rewarded with lands confiscated from those who had supported Richard. No documentary evidence has emerged of any reward to Sir Christopher, which might be taken as evidence that he had not actually fought at the battle, or might be attributed to the lacuna in documentation during this period.

            1490 had seen Sir Christopher’s marriage to Alice Standish, eldest daughter of Sir Alexander, after the death of his second wife Alice Poole. By 1493 she had borne two sons. Sir Alexander had already completed his family of ten or eleven children (Eleanor Johnson, History of the Standish Family, p. 15).]

21/2.*                                                 1493

Letter of Attorney:   Thomas Pole, kt. and Thomas Pole, jun. esq. and Ranulph to Thomas Dokesbury – to take possession from Cristofer Standisshe, kt. of manors etc. in Dokesbury, Heapey, Worthyngton, Langtre, Hethechernok, Chorley, Wygan, Hyndley and Crosseby.                                         16 Nov. 1493.

 [Add. and edit of 2004 note. This was presumably connected to the fact that Sir Christopher[6A1]’s second wife Alice Poole had died and her family was worried that her children might lose out on their inheritance, with Sir Christopher now married to Alice Standish of Standish. At the very least it shows us that Thomas Duxbury, grandfather of the one who was to sell all the family estates in 1524, was still an important person in Duxbury, entrusted with all the Standish manors in Duxbury and other places. It is useful to have a list of their major holdings at this time. The evidence for Sir Christopher’s first marriage to Elizabeth Bradshaigh appeared above under 1466; the evidence of his marriage to Alice Poole appears here and on all Visitation Pedigrees and family versions of their own pedigree, where she is consistently named as the mother of Thomas[7A1], the son and heir, who we know was born in 1480/1; the evidence of his third marriage to Alice Standish of Standish comes mainly from Standish of Standish Deed 190 of 1498 [Porteus, 1933, p. 87] in which son and heir Thomas[7A1], with the agreement of the members of the Poole family, trustees of Sir Christopher’s estates on behalf of young Thomas and his unmarried sisters “shall by the grace of God marry Katherine daughter of Sir Alexander, if the law of Holy Church will suffer it”. For one sister to marry the father and another sister to marry his son would certainly have required special dispensation. Also, Baines in 1836 gave Alice Standish of Standish as the only wife of Sir Christopher and Croston’s revised version in 1891 gave an anonymous marriage to “. . dau. of . . mar. 6 Henry VII (1490)”, although it is not obvious where either obtained this evidence because no reference was given. I find it impossible, however, to believe that either of them, both admired and respected scholars, would have invented the name or the date, although if the marriage was in 1490, it seems odd that the Poles took until 1493 to put in their protest. Perhaps this was because Alice née Standish was now expecting yet another child? She had already borne two sons: Alexander[7A5], named after his grandfather Sir Alexander Standish of Standish, and Rowland[7A6], presumably named after Sir Christopher’s uncleSir Rowland[5A2].]

21/3.                                                   1493

Settlement:   Sir Cristofor Standish, kt. and Sir Thomas Pole, kt., Thomas Pole, jun. Esq. and Ranulph Pole – property as 3 (sic, 21.2?) Sir Thomas Pole, Thomas Pole, jun. and Ranulph Pole trustees for use of Alice, wife of Sir Cristofor Standish, till son and heir Thomas is 21;  Alice to have for life mess. and lands called Bradley in Worthyngton and Longtre and mess. with lands called Healey Clyffe in Hethechernok, her jointure, and also 1/3 of residue lands of all the properties abovementioned; then all to Thomas in tail remainder to James, Hugh, Alexandre, Rowland, sons of Sir Cristofor Standish. Alice to have wardship and marriage of Thomas and to have issues and profits of it toward marriage of Anne and Mawde, daughters of Sir Cristofor Standish.

Supervisors:- Lord Straunge, Maistre Sir Edward Stanley, kt., Maistre Jamys Stanley, Warden of Manchester.                                                            20 Nov. 1493.

[Add. and edit of 2004 note. (Some relationships have meanwhile been sorted out more satisfactorily, and new evidence has emerged.) This was essentially Sir Christopher[6A1]’s will, ensuring that widow Alice née Standish was granted the custody and wardship of the children. Thomas[7A1], son and heir, was “10 years or more” – actually 12 or 13 - in 1493. All these knights had fought together in the contingent headed by Lord Thomas Stanley, in turn under the Duke of Gloucester (later Richard III) at the Siege of Berwick in 1482, where they had been knighted (Metcalfe’s Book of Knights, p. 7), and most of them turned up at the Battle of Bosworth in the armies under Lord Thomas Stanley and his brother Sir William Stanley, who won the day for Henry VII.

        “Lord Strange”was Sir George Stanley, son and heir of Thomas, meanwhile 1st Earl of Derby. George had been held hostage by Richard III during the Battle of Bosworth and received an off-stage role in Shakespeare’s Richard III. His father Thomas, 1st Earl of Derby, had been stepfather of Henry Tudor, later Henry VII, since his marriage to Lady Margaret Beaufort. In this document of 1493 George was obviously very much alive. George was to die – by poisoning, so it was rumoured – before his father and so his son Thomas became 2nd Earl of Derby.  “Maistre Sir Edward Stanley” was a younger brother of George, Lord Strange, who was later to become the victor at the Battle of Flodden Field [1513] and thus created Lord Mounteagle by Henry VIII, with his main seat at Hornby Castle near Lancaster. “Maistre James Stanley” was their younger brother, later to become Bishop of Ely.

Sir Edward, Lord Mounteaglewas later at the head of the contingent of 7,000+ under the Earl of Derby mustered for the suppression of the Pilgrimage of Grace in 1536. At the head of the Standish contingents were Ralph Standish of Standish, son and heir of Sir Alexander and meanwhile Lord of the Manor of Standish (130 men), and Alexander Standish of Duxbury (107 men). I have started to prepare an article presenting the arguments for the identification of this Alexander Standish as either Sir Christopher’s son Alexander[7A5], born 1491, or Alexander[8B1], born ?c.1510, great-grandfather of Colonel Richard in the Civil War. See (asap) The Pilgrimage of Grace, 1536; was this Myles’s Great-Grandfather?in the folder MYLES STANDISH. Weighing the evidence on the scale of probabilities, the conclusion is that it was more likely the first Alexander than the second.

            This document gives a convenient list of all younger surviving sons of Sir Christopher in 1493: “James, Hugh, Alexandre, Rowland, sons of Sir Cristofor Standish”.

First son & heir Thomas Standish[7A1] went on to marry in 1498 the bride chosen by his (step)mother Alice: Katherine, her youngest sister, thus cementing the kinship between the Standishes of Standish and Duxbury yet again, and creating an awful muddle of relationships.

Second sonJames[7A2/7C1] married Elizabeth (presumeddaughter of Lawrence Standish of the Burgh), his first son named Laurence[8C1]. This Standish of Standish family of Burgh in Duxbury had a Laurence in every generation in the 15th/16th centuries (shown on their Visitation Pedigree in 1613). This son and heir Laurence[8C1] married a Hoghton of Hoghton, which brings us into the ‘Shakespeare in Lancashire’ story, centred on the Hoghton family.

Third sonHugh[7A3] married Elizabeth (surname unknown) and died before 1542, by which time his widow had married a Foxholes in Coventry (she appears in documents below).

Fourth son Christopher[7A4] had presumably died by 1593.

Fifth son “Alexandre”[7A5] was the presumed great-grandfather of Captain Myles Standish, as the only one in any family papers who fulfils all requirements. He is dealt with at length in many other files.

Sixth son Rowland[7A6] never appears again in family papers, so one can only presume he died young, like his namesake Sir Rowland, who had died fighting in France in 1435.]

11/1.                                                   1496

Inquisition post mortem:    Christopher Standissh, kt. at Warington, before George Stanley, kt. Lord Strange, Andrew Dymok, John . . ., John Hawardyne, William Thorneburgh, James Molyneux, clerk and Henry Salo (sic) – moiety of manor of Hepay, 8 messuages, 200 ac. land, 100 ac. pasture, 20 ac. meadow, 4 ac. wood, 300 ac. moor and turbary in Hepay, held by Knight service of the King and his duchy of Lancaster as 1/6th of a Knight’s fee, worth annually in all issues, above reprise 100s. – Christopher Standissh died 12 Sep. 11 Hen. VII 1495; next heir is Thomas Standish, aged 10 years.

20 Oct. 12 Hen VII                                                                                                   1496.

 (Thomas[7A1] was actually older than this and another parallel document in the Victoria County History awards him 15 years.)

[Add.As seen above, he was actually 12/13 in 1493, so would indeed have been 15 in 1496. It is useful to establish a definitive birth-date for him of 1480/1, because at one fell swoop this takes him out of the running as a candidate for Myles’s great-grandfather. Quite simply, he was born too early, with his one and only (surviving) son James[8A1], born 1501, similarly not qualifying because so many details about him are documented, sufficient to prove that this main direct line of descent of Standish of Duxbury could not possibly be Myles’s immediate line of ancestry. It is a different story with younger (half-)brother Alexander[7A5], who does qualify on all counts as the great-grandfather of Myles.

The presence of “George Stanley, Kt, Lord Strange” at the head of the list of jurors at Sir Christopher’s Ipm is indicative of the high standing in which the latter was held. It is this close Standish-Stanley connection, together with all the Standish-Hoghton marriages, which made the Standish family so enlightening in the 15th and 16th century story of ‘Shakespeare’s Lancashire Links’.

8/4       Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                     8 Mar. 1502/3.

6/7                                                      1501

Grant:   Geoffrey Wastley, son and heir of Alexander Wastley to Alexander Radclif of Ordishall, Thomas Standisshe, esq. and Robert Radclif, chaplain – messuages etc. in Chorley and elsewhere in co. Lancs –

Attorney:   Thomas Aghton,   Witness:   Richard Pylkyngton, William Radclif, Ralph Byrom, John Balshagh, John Walby, Adam Holland.

24 May  16 Hen. VII                                                                                                 1501.

[Add.This “Alexander Radclif of Ordishall” was perhaps/ presumably the current Lord of the Manor, Alexander (c.1477-1549). This Thomas Standish, esq. was perhaps/ presumably Thomas[7A1], son and heir of Sir Christopher[6A1], who in 1501 would have been 20/21.  Or it might have been an as yet undetected member of Family B, e.g. a younger brother of Hugh[6B1]. Whoever he was, a couple of generations later Thomas[9B1], son and heir of Alexander[8B1], married a daughter of Sir Alexander Radcliffe of Ordsall, who, one might presume, was a closely related descendant of the Alexander Radcliffe of Ordsall in this and the next document.]   

6/8.                                                     1501

Grant:   Alexander Radclyff of Ordishall, Thomas Standysshe, esq. and Robert Radclyff, chaplain, to Geoffrey Wastley, son and heir of Alexander Wastley – property as 6/ 7 – to Geoffrey Wastley for life, remainder to Thomas Wastley, son and heir of Geoffrey Wastley, and his heirs in tail.

10 June  16 Hen. VII                                                                                                  1501.

8/5.      Duxbury Manor Court Roll              30 Jul 1505.

2/2.                                                     1505

Grant:   Thomas Aghton of Adlyngton, gent. to James Standysshe, son of Christofer Standysshe, kt. and Robert Swannese, sen. – his principal messuage in Adlyngton, and messuage in Clydraw [Clitheroe?], now in tenure of Edward Hayhurst, to sole use of Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Aghton, for life.

3 Nov. 21 Hen. VII                                                                                                  1505.

[Add. James Standish[7A2/7C1] was the second son, born c.1485, who had a son Laurence[8C1], who in turn married and had a son Laurence[9C1], thus founding another side branch. This family was rather short lived in Duxbury, however, as no further sons are recorded, nor any children baptised in Chorley Parish Records. Laurence[8C1]’s marriage in 1531 to Elizabeth Hoghton, daughter of Sir Richard Hoghton of Hoghton, is important, however, as a marriage between these two families, which was repeated in the next generation by two more Standish-Hoghton marriages.]

8/24.                                                   1506

Bargain and sale:   for £87:   Thomas Standisshe of Dowkesbury, esq., to Myles Gerrard, gent. And Sir John Cutte, kt.* - manor of the ‘pele of Dowkesbury’ with all appurtenances etc. which Thomas Standisshe, or any other persons to his use or to the use of Kateryn his wife, for life or Alice Standisshe his mother for life, holds, and reversion and rights in Hepey the parishes of Leyland, Wigan, Bolton and Crosby – refers to bond in Statute Staple of Westminster, dated as this deed, whereby Thomas Standisshe is bound to Myles Gerrard and Sir John Cutte in £200 to pay £87 at the ‘Alter of the Roode at the North door of the Cathedrall church of Poules of London’ on 24 June 1507, otherwise Thomas Standisshe to deliver up premises and deeds in 8 days; also by another such bond, on the same date, in £200, to do all that he has covenented.

17 Jun. 21 Hen. VII                (*Under treasurer of England.)                           1506.

(This raises the suspicion that Thomas[7A1] was not too good at managing his money.)

[Add. 2013. This is, surprisingly, the first naming of the Standish home as the “pele of Dowkesbury”. Before this, as seen above, they had only ever been “of Duxbury”. But in this case the actually manor was at stake. Whatever Thomas had done to provoke this “bargain and sale”, and whatever the outcome was, he held on to The Pele and the Manor for his descendants. Also surprisingly, this is the first time that Londonis mentioned in this collection. Many of his ancestors had presumably passed through the capital, not least on their many journeys to and from France, but never before had one of them been called to appear in London, in this case at St Paul’s, which was the site of many financial transactions.]

16/3.                                                   1506

Receipt:   for £7 ‘in ready money’:   Sir Thomas Hobbys, clerk, on behalf of the King, to Thomas Standisshe, esq. – fine made to the Kings grace ‘for his pardon to be released frome thordre of Knighthod of the Bathe’ at the creation of ‘my lord prince Henry’.                                                                                            20 Jun. 1506.

[Add.Now why should Thomas[7A1] not wish to accept a knighthood? Might it have been to save himself from the inevitable expenses this would incur? This possible explanation certainly adds to the suspicion raised above of his having financial problems.]

8/6.      Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                     1507-8. 

8/7.      Duxbury  Manor Court Roll                                         9 May 1509.

8/8.      Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                      1 Apr. 1511.

8/9.      Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                                 1512.

4/8.                                                     1513

Bond:   in £40:   Thomas Standyssh of Dokysbury, esq., Henry Hilton of Brynhill and Alexander Strete to Thomas Wrightyngton of Wrightyngton, gent. – Thomas Standyssh to performe awarde of Richard Longtre, Humfrey Hordilton, Nicholas Rigby, the elder and Cristofer Leyland, the elder, arbitrators between Thomas Standyssh and Thomas Wrightyngton.

10 Jan. 4 Hen. VIII                                                                                           1512/13.

[Add.This Thomas[7A1]’s great-grandfather Standish of Standish was a Wrightington of Wrightingon. The families continued to be near neighbours.]

8/10.    Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                     9 Dec. 1517.


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