STANDISH OF DUXBURY
2. DP397 The Standish of Duxbury Muniments
Deeds Purchased (1965) by the Lancashire Record Office (now Lancashire Archives)
2E. 1300-1400: The Arrival of the Standishes in Duxbury:
[Commentaries by Helen Moorwood 2002-2013]
24/2. c. 1300
Grant: William, son of Thomas of Quitil [Whittle] to Jordan, son of William of Dutton, clerk, and Emma, his daughter – 10 ac. of land in Quitil, viz. in the Tounfield, beginning from East going West till 10 ac. are fully covered and 1 messuage called the Orcheyard which Symon, his brother once held for a term with adjacent meadow, and moiety of his waste in Quitil; also homage etc and 6d. annual rent of Henry the Croucher, and 6d. annual rent of Alice of the Crok. Rent: 3d yearly.
Witn:- Adam of Hocton [de Houghton], Robert of Eukston [Euxton], William of Anderton, Jordan of Standis, Waring of Ton, Henry of Quallay [Whalley], John of the Bonke [Bank (Hall) Bretherton], etc. c. 1300.
[Add.It was assumed/suggested by the Revd Porteus (‘History of Standish’, 1927) that Hugh de Standish[1A1], founder of the Standishes of Duxbury, was Hugh de Haydock, son of Robert de Haydock, Rector of Standish, who married a sister of Jordan de Standish, Lord of the Manor of Standish. This identity is confirmed by DP397/15/2, genealogical notes prepared by a descendant who compiled the family’s descent from Generations 1-9. The founder of the family was given there as “Hugh Standishe the sonne of Robbert of Hiddocke, this Hughe was maried to Alice the daughter of Richard Mulluneux of Sephton in the 34 of Edward the first (1307/8) Hughe lived also in the Seventeenth yeare of Edward the second (1324)”. This Hugh[1A1] moved to Duxbury via Heapey and adopted/ became known by the name “de Standish”, his descendants later dropping the ‘de’ and being consistently referred to by all as “Standish of Duxbury”. If the Revd Porteus was correct, then the witness “Jordan de Standis” in this document was Hugh[1A1]’s uncle. Jordan’s date of death is given on several websites as 1290, in which case the dating of c.1300 of this deed is out by over ten years.
Add. 2013. I note that many items on Rector Robert de Haydock have appeared online, from which it seems that he himself was born in Duxbury. This may explain his son’s later interest in establishing himself in Duxbury.]
8/21.* c. 1300
Grant: Henry son of Henry of Dokesburye to Hugh of Stanedissh – Plot of meadow in D., namely that which Ralph, s. of Juliana, held of him at will annually and plot of moor, scrub and waste lying between Syokeffeld and the Bothounes [Bottoms], surrounded by wells and ditches; also mess. and plot of land called the Bothounes, with homage etc. of William Spylok, with 2 parts of common wood of D. and 2 parts of river called Yharowe which Margery, daughter of Hugh de Morle(gh?) held for life, which should revert to Henry, to Hugh in remainder, (mill reserved to Henry).
Witness: William of Bradshagh [Bradshaw], Matthew of Haydok, Henry of Chernok [Charnock], William of Worthington, John of Copphul, Hugh of Haywood, clerk. n.d. but c. 1300.
[Add.This was when Hugh de Standish[1A1] first put his foot through the door in Duxbury. The land described is obviously that around the mill on the north bank of the Yarrow in the north of Duxbury, and there is no hint here that Henry de Duxbury gave it to him in compensation for paying his fine after the Banastre Rebellion, as in the ‘conventional’ story. This was a straightforward grant of land and Henry kept the mill for himself. The site of the mill, which was in existence until the late 20th century, coincides with the site of the later ‘Pele’, the main seat of the Standishes in Duxbury until 1623, when Duxbury (New) Hall was built. Although not named as ‘Pele’ in writing until the 16th century, first in 1506in a deed and later 1577, in a deed and also on Saxton’s map of this year, it seems reasonable to suppose that it had already had this name for a long time.]
Lease for life: John, son of Hugh le Mikillwrigh’ [Millwright?] and Margery his wife to Hugh of Standissh – all lands and tenements of John and Margery [in?] Dokesbury and Adlengton – for life of John, annual rent of 6s silver reversion to John and Margery with compensation to lessee for expenses in building.
Given at Dokesbury. Sun. next after Nativity of St. John Baptist, 12 Edw. II 1 Jul. 1319.
[Add. It is not obvious who John and Margery [in?] Duxbury were, but given that they also had lands in Adlington, they might have been of Siward de Duxbury’s family and if “Hugh le Mikillwrigh’” was the miller, then Hugh de Standish [1A1] was presumably just trying to enlarge his property near the mill. I assume the building that had been going on was either to make a larger house for himself, or to build the Pele tower, from which his manor house would later take its name – the Scots were starting to maraud again and in 1322 reached as far south as Chorley (Heyes, ‘History of Chorley’, p. 15). Ormerod, Cheshire, pedigree chart of the Boydells, gives Margaret, widow of Sir John Boydell married 2) Hugh Standish in c.1324. Hugh seems to have died soon afterwards, leaving William[2A1] as his son and heir. He was thus joint Lord of the Manor from 1325/6 with Adam and Henry de Duxbury. William died in 1335 osp, leaving his brother Richard[2A2] as his heir.]
Lease for lives: John, son of Adam son of John of the Felde, to Robert of the Grene and Alice, his wife and Richard, their son – all his messuages, etc. in Qwelton [Wheelton] between land of Richard the Hayward and land of Richard of Hoghton and land of ….. waste of Cerlaghside as is contained by hedges and ditches, with pasture for all his animals, marl, clay and fuel to burn, with free entry and egress.
Witn:- Richard of Standissh, William of Frangton (Farington?), Adam of Claiton, Adam of Andirton, Robert of Kendale, etc. (rubbed in places)
Mon. bef. Nat. 12 Edw. III 21 Dec. 1338.
[Add. This was one of many of the de Ho(u)ghton family who appear in this collection. These two families were later to intermarry in several generations. In 1338 this is merely a fact to be noted, but 200 years later, several Hoghton-Standish marriages were to play a significant role in the background to the story of ‘Shakespeare’s Lancashire Links’.]
Grant: John of Eukeston, chaplain, to William the Tournourrusmogh of Chorleghe – 1 burgage with buildings and all other lands, held of gift of William in Chorley – Rent: 1 rose yearly at feast of St. John Baptist to William for life, then to Richard of Standisshe and Clemency his wife, reversion to Hugh, John, William, lawful sons of Richard and Clemency, then to right heirs of Richard, Clemency, then to right heirs of Richard.
Witness: William of Farinton, John of Standissh, William of Worthinton, William of Chernoke, John of Coppehul, William the clerk, etc.
At Chorlegh, Sun. All Souls, 22 Edw. III 2 Nov. 1348.
(A daughter of Richard [2A1] and Clemency de Standish was Agatha, who married Henry son of Adam de Duxbury in c.1350, from whom all later Duxburys in Duxbury are descended.)
[Add.John de Standish[3A2], named in this document as the second son of Richard and Clemency, was presumably not the same as the John de Standish who was a witness. The witness John was perhaps John[2A3/?2B1], younger brother of Richard[2A2]. Although precise identification is impossible, I attributed to him in the Family Tree the role of the John de Standish who, two years earlier, had “captured a Scots knight at the battle of Neville’s Cross” near Durham. This soldier John in 1346 was certainly of the right age and standing to act as a reputable witness. This document also shows an early Standish interest in Chorley, in addition to their properties in Duxbury. The other two sons of Richard and Clemency named were son and heir Hugh[3A1], who succeeded his father as joint-Lord of the Manor of Duxbury, and William[3A3], who makes just this single appearance in this collection. His name, however, lived on, with several later Williams. He was of the right age to have been the William Standish reported as fighting in Ireland in 1359 and again in 1386, although the latter was more probably his nephew William[4A2].]
List of names of 24 jurors between Robert of Burgh and Hugh of Standyssh regarding tenements in Dokesbury and Chorley. n.d. but c. 1350.
(Robert of Burgh presumably took his name from Burgh in Duxbury, a third of which later went to Standish of Standish on a Standish-Burgh marriage.)
[Add.This is one of the early signs of the increasing influence of the Standishes in the area, which was later to lead to their ‘take-over’ of the whole of the Manor of Duxbury.
Add. 2013. There is still confusion about the location of ‘Burgh’ at this time and later. On Saxton’s map of 1577 and Speed’s of 1611 the symbol denoting a ‘manor house’ and named ‘Burgh’ appears on the south bank of the Yarrow to the west of its large U-shaped bend. However, Lower Burgh Hall, which was standing until demolished very recently, was located in the north-west of the township. Its very name here in 1350 and its location in around 1600 indicates the site of some previous fortification, presumably distinct from Deowuc’s Burgh, which had given its name to Duxbury. The latter had almost certainly been located on the east bank of the bottom end of the U-bend.]
Writ to Sheriff: Robert of Langshagh and John, son of Margaret Bushell v. Hugh, son of William Banastre of the More of Bretherton, Richard, son of Hugh of Standisshe, Simon of Longtre, John of Longtre and Richard of Horscar – novel diseisin of free tenement in Bretherton and Croston twice since the King went to Gascony –
Witness:- Henry of Walton, Archdeacon of Richmond.
At Lancaster, 10 Jan. 4 of our duchy. 1354/5.
(The only free tenement in Bretherton and Croston was the Isle of Man, the only estate to straddle the border of both townships/boroughs, then as today. The appearance of the names Bushell, Banastre, Standish and Longtre makes it almost certain that this was part of the inheritance of Warin de Busli [Bushell] after the Norman Conquest, some of whose lands went to Banastre when they arrived from Wales and some of which went to two granddaughters who married a Standish and a Langtree [Longtre]. The Victoria County Historyand Porteus’s History of the Parish of Standishtell the story of the Standish and Langtree inheritance. If we are to believe Myles Standish’s 1656 will that “the Ile of man” tagged on at the end of his list of lands after Croston was inherited from his Standish of Standish great-grandfather, then at some point part ownership of this “free tenement” must have reverted to Standish of Standish, for them to be able to grant it again to a later younger son. Certainly it does not appear again in the Standish of Duxbury Muniments. The Richard[2A2], son of Hugh de Standish[1A1], is the same one as above, married to Clemency and father-in-law of Henry de Duxbury, who at this time was Lord of one or two thirds of the Manor of Duxbury. Richard’s grandson (Sir) Christopher[4A1] married Margaret Fleming, daughter of Sir Thomas Fleming, Lord of the Manor of Croston.)
[Add.The full transcription and analysis of this document will appear asap in a relevant section in the folderMYLES STANDISH.]
Quitclaim: Anabilla, daughter of Henry del Carre to Hugh son of Richard of Standish – annual rent of 13 1/2d. of silver from lands in Adelynton & Dokesbury for life.
Witness: Henry of Standish; Richard of Longtree; William of Anderton; Thomas of Eccleston; Henry of Ines [Ince near Wigan], etc.
At Doksesbury, Monday before Feast of St. Clement, Pope. 21 Nov. 1356.
(By this time the Standishes of Duxbury had made more inroads into the territory of the Duxbury family in neighbouring Adlington, although there is no hint that this was taken from the Duxburys.)
[Add.Witnesses Henry de Standish and Richard de Longtree (Langtree) were presumably representatives of the two families who had inherited these neighbouring properties/ townships at the same time during the previous century. The very appearance of these names in this document is just one of many pieces of documentary evidence that demonstrate that the fortunes of these families were intertwined with those of the Standishes of Duxbury during the whole of the 14th century.]
Grant: Adam, son of Richard, son of Robert, son of Roger of Withull in the Wodes [Whittle-le-Woods] to Sir Adam of Hoghton, kt. – messuage called Croucherishous with 3 roods of land adjacent in Farley in Wythull in the Wodes, and 2 ac. and 1 rood adjacent in the high field in Copston furlong, given him by Agnes daughter of Robert son of Roger of Wythull.
Witn: William of Farington, John son of Adam of Clayton, Henry of Charnoc, Adam of Adlington, John of Brerworth, etc.
Wed. Easter week, 35 Edw. III. 31 Mar. 1361.
(This is yet another de Ho(u)ghton to appear, to be followed by several others, particularly after several Hoghton-Standish marriages.)
Indenture pursuant to bond: Richard son of Hugh of Dokesbury to Hugh son of Richard of Standish and Edmund of Prestecote, (both bound to Richard in 80 marks of silver) – Hugh and Edmund to guarantee to Richard the marriage of Gilbert, son of Richard of Longtre, against the lords of Leylandshire, namely Sir Nicholas of Haryngton, Dame Alice of Shyreburne, John of Arderin [de Arderne] and Sir William of Ferrieris [Ferrers], and against the executors of the said Sir William and acquit Richard against the above-mentioned lords of all costs etc., if they do not.
At Standish, Sunday before feast of Ascension, 48 Edw. II 7 May 1374.
[Add. for Duxbury ‘cousins’, 2013. The following commentary is slightly modified from the 2004 version, as well as added to, for the benefit of Duxbury ‘cousins’, who will at last (asap) have a family tree of the Duxburys of Duxbury online in The Duxburys of Duxbury (Old) Hall. I wrote this article for LFHHS in 1998 before I had done all the painstakingly thorough research on the early Standishes of Duxbury. On returning recently to double check all Duxbury of Duxbury details, I confirmed that the Richard son of Hugh de Duxbury in this document was problematical to fit into the family tree, because father Hugh had not appeared before. I therefore inserted him with an appropriate dotted line.
By this time the Standishes were very close to taking over the whole Lordship of Duxbury Manor [the latest was 1381-84, as referenced by Farrer in the VCH.] The very presence of Richard son of Hugh de Duxbury in the same document as Hugh son of Richard de Standish leads to the strong suspicion that there might have had been more than one marriage between the two families. Suffice it to be certain that there was at least one, between Henry de Duxbury and Agnes de Standish in c.1350. There were enough later Standish-Duxbury marriages to prove the continuing alliance between the two families.
“John de Arderin” is interesting, because he was a younger son of Arderne of Harden in Cheshire, later Sir John, who owned lands in Heath Charnock, Lower Darwen, and Staffordshire. He had four daughters, one of whom married Hugh de Duxbury, who I strongly suspect was a son of Thomas Duxbury the Mayor of Wigan at the end of the 14th century, but the proof is, alas, not there. (This Thomas Duxbury was, incidentally, Mayor at the same time as Dick Whittington was Mayor of London.) Porteus, 1933, gives transcriptions of several documents naming Thomas the Mayor.
The Arderne family will be of interest to Duxbury ‘cousins’ mainly because of this Arderne-Duxbury marriage, but also because he was of the same family that later produced Mary Arderne, later (second or) third wife of John Shakespeare and thus stepmother of William Shakespeare. This is very much a side-step and mere footnote here, but it does add another piece in the jigsaw puzzle of ‘Shakespeare’s Lancashire Links’. My notes for a biography of a later Sir John Arderne appeared on the Duxbury website. Many Arderne details are already in the folder ARDERNE, and more will be published asap.
Dame Alice of Shyreburneis also of interest inasmuch as she seems to have been a rather formidable lady and was of the family that became the Shireburnes of Stonyhurst. For details of them, go to any account of this family and pay a visit to Stonyhurst College, with its remarkable role in the story of Catholicism in Lancashire. For starters, I recommend David Brazendale, Lancashire’s Historic Halls, 1994, Chapter 3. Sir Richard Shireburne of Stonyhurst and the Lancashire Recusants.]
Receipt: for £22. 6s. 8d. Sir William of Huntelowe, parson of the church of Croston to Sir Thomas of Chorley, parson of the church of Birnehull (Brindle), William of Chorley and Hugh of Standish - £20 to be paid at Easter next, and 3 marks, 6s.8d. at Pentecost next, at Croston, in part payment of the 144 marks of the farm of the church of Croston.
Given at Croston, Sat. 4th week of Lent, 5 Ric. II 22 Mar. 1382/3.
[Add. 2013. This indicates that Hugh[3A1] still had interests in lands in Croston. It is not known which was “the farm of the church” there.
It is notable that between the last two documents, Hugh had established oratories in Duxbury, presumably at The Pele, and Bradley, proving that the Standishes of Duxbury had almost certainly retained possession of the latter since Hugh first left Standish. This always remained their toehold in Standish.
1378, “Hugh de Standish received licence for his oratories at Duxbury and Bradley”, Lich. Epis. Reg. v, fol. 31b, VCH (vol. 6), p. 209. Note 7.]
Bond: (i) John of Radclyf of Ordesale (ii) Hugh of Standissh (iii) Henry of Trafford – (a) John to Hugh in 500 marks and (b) in £500, both recognizances in statute merchant, and (c) Hugh to John likewise, in £500, on condition that if divorce or separation occur between John, son and heir apparent of John of Radclyf, and Clemence, daughter of Hugh, Hugh shall surrender recognizance (b) to John, the father, and John and Hugh shall appear at next Lancaster Sessions. Henry to keep recognizances safe till then and to guarantee performance.
Note at foot: Hugh is also bound in recognizance (d) in £500 to give up recognizance (a) to John in case of divorce at suit of Clemence.
Tuesday before Inv. Holy Cross 10 Ric. II 30 Apr. 1387.
[Add.This is the first of several alliances with Radcliffe/Radclyffe of Ordsall.
Add. 2013. This must have been a contract for a child-marriage of Clemency, daughter of Hugh[3A1], with the usual precautions being taken. The official marriage did in fact take place on 13 March 1396 when John was 19. (Sir John’s biography is on Tudorplaceonline.) The Radcliffes/Radclyffes continued as prominent soldiers and courtiers and a century later one became 1st Earl of Sussex. Ordsall Hall in Salford has recently been re-opened after extensive renovations. Their guidebook gives a “diagram” of “13 generations of the Radclyffe family. The family owned Ordsall Hall from 1335 until 1658.” The fourth and fifth generations of Lords of the Manor (the two Johns in the document above) are given as:
John c.1356, d. 1422 m Margaret de Trafford
John c.1380, d. 1442 m Clemency de Standish
For more details one needs to go to accounts referring to primary sources.]
16/1. c. 1390
Bond: William of Chorley, collector of the Greenwax for Lancashire, to Robert of Standissh, sheriff of Lancashire – to pay arrears of the 2 summons to 2 sessions. c. 1390.
[Add.Robert de Standish, Sheriff of Lancashire, was a Standish of Standish. Another near-contemporary, Sir Robert de Standish, had been in the suite of John of Gaunt in 1372 (Porteus, History of Standish, 1927). These were presumably not one and the same, but one might presume that they knew how they were related to each other. One might also presume that this document is with the Standish of Duxbury papers because William of Chorley was involved. Chorley was very much Standish of Duxbury territory, and not Standish of Standish territory. However, both major branches held land in several townships, e.g. Croston, Wrightington and Mawdesley.]