STANDISH OF DUXBURY

6. BIOGRAPHIES

6.2. Thomas the MP[11A1] (1593-1642)

Helen Moorwood 2013

6.2. (4) TMP First Marriage, c.1615-1623

His bride was from Suffolk, a new departure for his family, who had previously found all their brides in Lancashire – however, her mother was of north-west origin. The contact with her family might have been via Lancashire, Cambridge or London links. One suspects that it might have been ‘arranged’ by his father Alexander. Thomas’s wife was Anne Wingfield, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Wingfield of Letheringham in Suffolk. Anne’s mother was Radcliffe née Gerard, one of four daughters of Sir Gilbert Gerard, Attorney General for Queen Elizabeth and Master of the Rolls, and Ann née Radcliffe of Winmarleigh. This Ann Radcliffe (grandmother of Thomas’s wife Anne) was the daughter of Isabel, one of the four co-heiresses of John Butler of Middle Rawcliffe (d. 1533). It was via this line that the arms of Butler of Rawcliffe, Lawrence of Ashton and Washington of Warton entered the Standish of Duxbury arms for a second time. They had entered previously via James[8A1]’s marriage to heiress Elizabeth née Butler in 1526, which made Thomas[11A1] and his wife Anne Wingfield ‘cousins’ of some degree. Anne’s mother’s place in the Butler family is given on Family Tree 3. FT5. Thomas the MP’s in-laws, which provides some of the intricate relationships to Thomas’s new in-laws and their relevance to the background story of Shakespeare’s Lancashire Links.

They married in c.1615 when Thomas was 21 and Anne several years younger.  Their first home in Lancashire was Bradley Hall in Worthington near Standish, where they were living when father Alexander[10A1] wrote his will in 1622. In this,Bradley Hall and estate was re-confirmed as the “jointure and dower” of Thomas’s wife Anne:

“Standish, Langtree and Worthington”, with a “yearly value of one hundred pounds” was left “to Thomas Standishe my sonne and heire apparant and his assigns,” etc. for “Ann Standish wyffe of the said Thomas for the length of her natural life,” etc., “jointure and dower of the said Ann”.

This estate was based on Bradley Hall, but spread into the three townships named. Bradley was one of the core family estates, a possession dating back possibly to the early 14th century, when the first Standish established himself in Duxbury; or possibly a little later through a Standish of Standish/Standish of Duxbury marriage (Hugh[3A1] in 1369 to Alice, daughter of Henry, Lord of the Manor of Standish).

Anne had received her own full inheritance on the death of her father a few years earlier.

DP397/1/6.                                                                   1619

Receipt & discharge:   for £1500: Thomas Standish of Duxbury heir apparent of Alexander Standish, of Duxbury, esq. and Anne, his wife, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Wingfeld, kt., late of Letheringham, co. Suffolk, dec’d. to Thomas Wingfeld of Nettlestead, co. Suffolk, gent., executor of will of Sir Thomas Wingfield - sum due to Anne at 21 years by Will of Sir Thomas Wingfield.                                                                                                                           30 Mar. 1619.

By the time of this considerable inheritance in 1619 they had already had daughter Margaret (born c.1616), Thomas[12A1] (baptised 15 August 1617) and Alexander[12A1] (baptised 8 November 1618). They then baptised son Richard[12A3] on 21 October 1621 and daughter “Kattleene” on 1 May 1623. Sadly, between these last two births, father Alexander died. He wrote his Will on 31 March 1622, then died and was buried on 29 June 1622, with the Inquisition post mortem taking place the following year on 11 September 1623.

Even more sadly, Thomas and Anne had no time to enjoy their inheritance. As mentioned above “Kattleene” was baptised on 1 May 1623, and mother Anne was buried on 5 May 1623.

All these sad events and upheavals in the family within a year might account for the Inquisition post mortem not being conducted until fifteen months after Alexander’s death. Up to a year was normal, fifteen months was longer than normal, but the circumstances were unusual.

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