STANDISH OF DUXBURY

6. BIOGRAPHIES

6.2. Thomas the MP[11A1] (1593-1642)

Helen Moorwood 2013

6.2. (5) TMP Early Children

Although no one at the time had any idea of the future destinies of these early children of Thomas and Anne, it is perhaps useful to give their brief biographies here, as a ‘foretaste’ of some of the joys and troubles which were to befall Thomas during the reign of Charles I and the lead up to the Civil War. 

Margaret(presumed born before 1616) married (later Colonel) Nicholas Shuttleworth, second son of (later Colonel) Richard Shuttleworth of Gawthorpe Hall in Padiham near Burnley (Shuttleworth Visitation Pedigree 1664). The date of Margaret’s birth and baptism has disappeared into the ‘black hole’ of the dearth of Standish baptisms until 1616, when they started appearing again in St Laurence Parish Registers. Or maybe she was born and baptised in Suffolk, in the home of her mother’s Wingfield family? One presumes that she was the first child of this marriage, although her name was not that of her maternal grandmother, Radcliffe (this name was given to a later daughter by Thomas’s second wife) and the only Margarets in her father’s immediate family in Duxbury had been an aunt of Thomas, who had died young, probably without him ever knowing her, and Thomas’s own grandmother Margaret née Hoghton.

Margaret Jr’s marriage to Nicholas Shuttleworth was almost certainly one indication of a desire by Thomas the later MP to ally his family via his children to a local Protestant and Parliamentarian family. Although Thomas the MP, later called ‘a zealous Parliamentarian’, died at the very beginning of the outbreak of Civil War, one might imagine that he would have been satisfied that the Shuttleworths produced five soldiers fighting for Parliament: Nicholas, his son-in-law, became a Colonel, together with two brothers, all under the command of their father Richard, also a Colonel (another brother, a Captain, was killed in an attack on Lancaster in 1643). The Shuttleworth family is extremely well documented: Nicholas and Margaret had three sons, Richard, Nicholas and Ughtred, who were the only grandsons of Thomas to continue his genetic line. Their home Gawthorpe Hallis still standing and run by the National Trust in partnership with Lancashire County Council.

Eldest son Thomas[12A1] was baptised on 15 August 1617 as “Thomas s. of Thomas Standish of Duxbury” in the Parish Register of St Laurence’s, Chorley. At the outbreak of the Civil War he was a Captain in the Royalist ‘trained band’ under James, Lord Strange and was shot on 26 September 1642 in Manchester and buried on 30 September 1642 as “Dux Thomas Standish de Duxbury sessiderit apud Manchester”, Parish Register Chorley. We will read more of his story at the end of father Thomas’s biography.

Second son Alexander[12A2] was baptised on 8 November 1618 at Chorley. Nothing is known of his youth, but in 1642 on the death of his father and elder brother he became Lord of the Manor of Duxbury. During the Civil War he became a Colonel (there is no consensus of opinion as to whether he was a Royalist or Parliamentarian), died in Duxbury in 1647 and was buried on 14 March 1647 in St Laurence’s, Chorley next to his father Thomas and brother Thomas. He is reported as having married twice, with a daughter from each marriage. He was the last of his line to be Lord of the Manor of Duxbury, because on his death in 1647 without a son and heir, his widow Margaret awarded Duxbury Hall and all dependent estates to ‘cousin’ Colonel Richard[11B1] (c.1597-1662). This story appears under the biography of Colonel Richard and also the biography of his uncle Alexander[11A4] (c.1604-1662>), who outlived them all.

Third son Richard[12A3] was baptised on 21 October 1621 and has always been a puzzle, mainly because he has been consistently muddled since the 19th century with other Richards. This was because of the disappearance of the Standish of Duxbury Muniments from the late 18th century until 1965. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries it was assumed that he was the one who took over Duxbury (New) Hall and the Manor of Duxbury from his older brother Alexander on his death in 1647. However, the Standish of Duxbury Muniments revealed that the Richard who took over was in fact from Family B (Richard[11B1]), a junior branch in Manchester, who became a Parliamentary Colonel and was awarded Duxbury (New) Hall and all dependent estates by Margaret, the widow of Colonel Alexander[12A2]. This Richard[12A3] may have been the “Mr Richard” buried at St Laurence’s in 1628 (or was this his uncle Richard[11A2]?). In any case he had disappeared from all records by 1642, when he was not mentioned in his father’s Will. Nor had he been mentioned in 1637 in his Uncle Ralph’s Will.

The fifth child, daughter “Kattleene”/ Kathleen/ Katherine is another puzzle. She was baptised as “Kattleene” on 1 May 1623 at Chorley, but is reported in various 19th century reconstructions of the family pedigree as Katherine, later married to Ellis Heyes/Haye of Chorlton, presumably Chorlton-cum-Hardy in the Parish of Manchester. Her mother Anne née Wingfield was buried on 5 May1623, with her death, one assumes, not unconnected to the birth of her fifth child. Sadly for Kathleen/ Katherine, she played no further significant role in the Standish of Duxbury story.

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