STANDISH OF DUXBURY

6. BIOGRAPHIES

6.3. Colonel Richard [11B1] (c.1597-1662)

Helen Moorwood 2013

6.3. (14) CR The Final Years

In this section the aim is to cover those events during the years between Colonel Richard writing his Will in 1657 until the final fatal year of 1662. It is an expansion on later events on the list that already appeared in(10).In fact, apart from his Parliamentary career, little of note happened, but that in itself is interesting, because it was a time when others might have turned up to challenge his right to the Lordship of the Manor, and it was during the difficult period of the end of the Commonwealth and transition to the Restoration.

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DP397/5/2.                                                   21 December 1657

Covenant:   John Rawlinson, sen., of Chorley, gent. and John Rawlinson, his son, to Richard Standish, esq., and rest of feoffees for poor of Chorley – to allow £4.7s to be added to the moneys mentioned in defeasance given to John Rawlinson sen. and jun. By feoffees “upone the deed by us granted upone our lands” in Chorley, since upon casting up bond of Richard Blagborne and John Marsh, of Preston, gents. With John Rawlinson sen., the sum falls short of the £40 due to Richard Standish and other feoffees by decree 19 Jul. 1656, by £2.2. 21 Dec. 1657. 

Richard had been re-elected as MP for Lancashire in 1656 for the Second Protectorate Parliament, which was still sitting. Perhaps it was in this capacity as well as being a landlord in Chorley that he was called to act as a trustee for the poor. This seems to fit in with the later record he left in Parliament of being concerned with those who had suffered and been maimed during the Civil Wars. It also fits in with the report from this year that he had Royalist tendencies. Whatever his position had been during the Civil War, there are several hints that one of his main concerns during the 1650s was reconciliation.

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DP397/1/7.                                                   25 March 1658 (1659?)

Receipt:   for £60:   Joane Bannaster of Catterall widow to Richard Standish of Duxbury, esq. – rent due under lease between Joane Bannaster and Richard Standish.                                                                                                              25 Mar. 1658.

Joanwas a ‘stray’ widow from Family A at Duxbury Hall. She was a sister of Thomas the MP[11A1] and Alexander[11A4], who had married as her second husband Christopher Bannaster, a lawyer and Vice-Chancellor in the Duchy of Lancaster. She and her children had received bequests in 1637 in the Will of her brother Captain Ralph, 6.3. 1637 Will, Captain Ralph[11A3], where a brief biography is given. Christopher had died in 1649, buried in Garstang church, not far from Catterall. The Standish of Duxbury lands towards Lancaster had come to the family through the marriage of Joan’s great-grandmother Elizabeth Butler of Rawcliffe, an heiress, to her great-grandfather James[8A1]. Presumably her father Alexander[10A1] had granted some of these lands to her when her husband’s position took him regularly to Lancaster. However, the ownership must have stayed in Duxbury, which meant she paid rent to Richard on his taking over all the family estates. One cannot judge from this whether their relationship was amicable or not, but it must have been a comfort to her to have a kinsman as MP for Lancashire. We know from Richard’s later Codicil that her brother Alexander was considered by Richard as a “true and loving friend”, and can only hope that this was reflected in similar – and mutual - feelings with his sister. As far as we know, Joan was the longest-living of all of Alexander[10A1]’s children, surviving until 1669, when she was buried with her husband at Garstang. No records have been detected of her younger sister Alice, whose last marriage had been to Thomas Gillibrand.

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Letter 3. CR to Richard Legh, 15 March 1659/60

(Transcribed in the lines as in the original MS in John Rylands Library. It is still there, should any reader be moved to spend an hour or so deciphering the bits I couldn’t, when under pressure of time.)

Honord Sr

Upon Tuesday last there was A meeting at Preston

Of Sr Richard Hoghton Sr Edward Mosley And some

Other gentlemen but not manie, there was nothing

done Amongst them, but only desiered not to  (enjoy?)

Upon Any partie till the next meeting wich is to

be upon Tuesday next at Preston, it is thought

That this parliament will not dissolve, but only fill

Up there house, And then this Truble will be at an End,

But if there must be A new parliament I doe beleave

There will be great ??ing who shall be ??          att

For our Countie for I think Sr Richard Hoghton

and Sr Edward Mosley doth intend to oppose Sr Robt

Bindloss and my cosen Bradshaw, which will be some

thing hard to doe for they                     together, And

have                          manie friends for them if you would

under??    that troble as to stand if    you might

Carrie it for one?, but I perceave by your letter

you are not willing to make Any opposition. I thought

it best to retorne your letter backe againe and not

to send it to Sr Robert for you may send it hereafter

if you thinke good and it will be                         money sit

hard by the knight so delivering myne and my wifes

best regards and service may be presented to you I

shall ever subscribe my selfe to be

Duxburie 15th                                       Your Affectionate kinsman

March: 1659                          and reddie servant

                                  Ri: Standish

Richard Standish had just been elected MP for Preston in the Convention Parliament, which presumably explains why he was in the middle of meetings in Preston. The content reflects dissent among those present, and just three months later his election was declared void. A closer study of the careers of those mentioned might reveal more details. His wife’s cousin Richard Legh of Lyme had been elected MP for Cheshire in 1656 and must have shown greater ability in steering a course through all the current troubles leading up to the Restoration, which had just happened, because afterwards he became Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire and Deputy Lieutenant of Lancashire. These two letters show at least that they stayed in close contact and valued their relationship. The next one talks of raising troops for a trained band, which reflects the ongoing seriousness of the situation, even though he says that nothing much was happening in Preston at the time. The Battle of Preston of 1648 must still have been very vivid in the memories of all concerned. It had been a Royalist stronghold, which was captured by Cromwell’s army, including Colonel Richard. It was now ten years since he had been a Colonel of Foot during the final stages of the Civil War, and one could understand that he might not want to take up arms again against his fellow constituents unless absolutely necessary.

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Letter 4. CR to Richard Legh 24 February 1661

Honored Sr

According to my    ment from not but present

you with the            , And to put you in minde of your

promis, that I should                                            have from you, Those

partes are very barren of news

met that Last weeke at Preston for the raising of the

And have altered there first of intentions, And

have they to raise them after the old way, by

freehold and traine bands, they are to be 50 horse

                                  and 50 horse in A??, thr

horse that where raised before are very busie in

   particularly                          , And takeing some

men uniformed wich doth make the                 much

wonder at it, by what Authority they have it shall not

much question, but it is my Lord of Darlie and Tongue??

that it most busie in these partes. There hath been found

difference XXXX this last week at Preston betwixt

Mr Grosvenor and ?? Kirby in so high                              that

it came to dohallering??, but was taken up by some

what the occasion was from not as yet                            not

troubling you further at present but desiering when

your occasion will permite to                                             from

you

 

Duxburie 24th                                                              your faithfull kinsman and humble

(February?) 1660 = ?1661                   servant

Ri: Standish

 

my wife being in the ?? of A girle??

desiers her service may be presented to

you, and so doth my sister Margaret And

desiers that you will remember her And

shee desiers to know whether you have

received her letters 

Richard’s wife Elizabeth had given birth to their last daughter three months earlier, the baptism recorded by the curate at Chorley as  “Francesca Margarata”, presumably Frances Margaret. This was the first time they had given two names to a child, and one wonders if this reflected a new fashion. Presumably the name Frances came from Elizabeth’s sister and both Elizabeth and Richard had a sister Margaret. Richard’s sister is mentioned in this letter. Interestingly, she had been writing to Richard Legh as well. One wonder about what?

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DP397/13/18.                                                              5 August 1661

Authorization:   Elizabeth Crosse of Crosshall, wid. to Edward Dicconson, Samuell Andrewes and Peter Adlington, gents. Attorneys in Common Pleas, to appear for her upon an ‘originall’ brought by Richard Standish of Duxbury, esq., in the above court at Lancaster, in £200.                                                         5 Aug. 1661.

There is no way of judging what lay behind this and whether Richard was acting in his own capacity or as a former MP. It does indicate, however, that he had not retired completely from public life and litigation.

Regrettably, this is the last public act recorded about Richard. Just five months later their last child died before being given a name, and the final tragic events followed swiftly.

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