STANDISH OF DUXBURY
6.3. Colonel Richard [11B1] (c.1597-1662)
Helen Moorwood 2013
6.3. (14) CR The Final Years
In this section the aim is to cover those events during the years between Colonel Richard writing his Will in 1657 until the final fatal year of 1662. It is an expansion on later events on the list that already appeared in(10).In fact, apart from his Parliamentary career, little of note happened, but that in itself is interesting, because it was a time when others might have turned up to challenge his right to the Lordship of the Manor, and it was during the difficult period of the end of the Commonwealth and transition to the Restoration.
DP397/5/2. 21 December 1657
Covenant: John Rawlinson, sen., of Chorley, gent. and John Rawlinson, his son, to Richard Standish, esq., and rest of feoffees for poor of Chorley – to allow £4.7s to be added to the moneys mentioned in defeasance given to John Rawlinson sen. and jun. By feoffees “upone the deed by us granted upone our lands” in Chorley, since upon casting up bond of Richard Blagborne and John Marsh, of Preston, gents. With John Rawlinson sen., the sum falls short of the £40 due to Richard Standish and other feoffees by decree 19 Jul. 1656, by £2.2. 21 Dec. 1657.
Richard had been re-elected as MP for Lancashire in 1656 for the Second Protectorate Parliament, which was still sitting. Perhaps it was in this capacity as well as being a landlord in Chorley that he was called to act as a trustee for the poor. This seems to fit in with the later record he left in Parliament of being concerned with those who had suffered and been maimed during the Civil Wars. It also fits in with the report from this year that he had Royalist tendencies. Whatever his position had been during the Civil War, there are several hints that one of his main concerns during the 1650s was reconciliation.
DP397/1/7. 25 March 1658 (1659?)
Receipt: for £60: Joane Bannaster of Catterall widow to Richard Standish of Duxbury, esq. – rent due under lease between Joane Bannaster and Richard Standish. 25 Mar. 1658.
Joanwas a ‘stray’ widow from Family A at Duxbury Hall. She was a sister of Thomas the MP[11A1] and Alexander[11A4], who had married as her second husband Christopher Bannaster, a lawyer and Vice-Chancellor in the Duchy of Lancaster. She and her children had received bequests in 1637 in the Will of her brother Captain Ralph, 6.3. 1637 Will, Captain Ralph[11A3], where a brief biography is given. Christopher had died in 1649, buried in Garstang church, not far from Catterall. The Standish of Duxbury lands towards Lancaster had come to the family through the marriage of Joan’s great-grandmother Elizabeth Butler of Rawcliffe, an heiress, to her great-grandfather James[8A1]. Presumably her father Alexander[10A1] had granted some of these lands to her when her husband’s position took him regularly to Lancaster. However, the ownership must have stayed in Duxbury, which meant she paid rent to Richard on his taking over all the family estates. One cannot judge from this whether their relationship was amicable or not, but it must have been a comfort to her to have a kinsman as MP for Lancashire. We know from Richard’s later Codicil that her brother Alexander was considered by Richard as a “true and loving friend”, and can only hope that this was reflected in similar – and mutual - feelings with his sister. As far as we know, Joan was the longest-living of all of Alexander[10A1]’s children, surviving until 1669, when she was buried with her husband at Garstang. No records have been detected of her younger sister Alice, whose last marriage had been to Thomas Gillibrand.
Letter 3. CR to Richard Legh, 15 March 1659/60
(Transcribed in the lines as in the original MS in John Rylands Library. It is still there, should any reader be moved to spend an hour or so deciphering the bits I couldn’t, when under pressure of time.)
Upon Tuesday last there was A meeting at Preston
Of Sr Richard Hoghton Sr Edward Mosley And some
Other gentlemen but not manie, there was nothing
done Amongst them, but only desiered not to (enjoy?)
Upon Any partie till the next meeting wich is to
be upon Tuesday next at Preston, it is thought
That this parliament will not dissolve, but only fill
Up there house, And then this Truble will be at an End,
But if there must be A new parliament I doe beleave
There will be great ??ing who shall be ?? att
For our Countie for I think Sr Richard Hoghton
and Sr Edward Mosley doth intend to oppose Sr Robt
Bindloss and my cosen Bradshaw, which will be some
thing hard to doe for they together, And
have manie friends for them if you would
under?? that troble as to stand if you might
Carrie it for one?, but I perceave by your letter
you are not willing to make Any opposition. I thought
it best to retorne your letter backe againe and not
to send it to Sr Robert for you may send it hereafter
if you thinke good and it will be money sit
hard by the knight so delivering myne and my wifes
best regards and service may be presented to you I
shall ever subscribe my selfe to be
Duxburie 15th Your Affectionate kinsman
March: 1659 and reddie servant
Richard Standish had just been elected MP for Preston in the Convention Parliament, which presumably explains why he was in the middle of meetings in Preston. The content reflects dissent among those present, and just three months later his election was declared void. A closer study of the careers of those mentioned might reveal more details. His wife’s cousin Richard Legh of Lyme had been elected MP for Cheshire in 1656 and must have shown greater ability in steering a course through all the current troubles leading up to the Restoration, which had just happened, because afterwards he became Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire and Deputy Lieutenant of Lancashire. These two letters show at least that they stayed in close contact and valued their relationship. The next one talks of raising troops for a trained band, which reflects the ongoing seriousness of the situation, even though he says that nothing much was happening in Preston at the time. The Battle of Preston of 1648 must still have been very vivid in the memories of all concerned. It had been a Royalist stronghold, which was captured by Cromwell’s army, including Colonel Richard. It was now ten years since he had been a Colonel of Foot during the final stages of the Civil War, and one could understand that he might not want to take up arms again against his fellow constituents unless absolutely necessary.
Letter 4. CR to Richard Legh 24 February 1661
According to my ment from not but present
you with the , And to put you in minde of your
promis, that I should have from you, Those
partes are very barren of news
met that Last weeke at Preston for the raising of the
And have altered there first of intentions, And
have they to raise them after the old way, by
freehold and traine bands, they are to be 50 horse
and 50 horse in A??, thr
horse that where raised before are very busie in
particularly , And takeing some
men uniformed wich doth make the much
wonder at it, by what Authority they have it shall not
much question, but it is my Lord of Darlie and Tongue??
that it most busie in these partes. There hath been found
XXXX this last week at Preston betwixt
Mr Grosvenor and ?? Kirby in so high that
it came to dohallering??, but was taken up by some
what the occasion was from not as yet not
troubling you further at present but desiering when
your occasion will permite to from
Duxburie 24th your faithfull kinsman and humble
(February?) 1660 = ?1661 servant
my wife being in the ?? of A girle??
desiers her service may be presented to
you, and so doth my sister Margaret And
desiers that you will remember her And
shee desiers to know whether you have
received her letters
Richard’s wife Elizabeth had given birth to their last daughter three months earlier, the baptism recorded by the curate at Chorley as “Francesca Margarata”, presumably Frances Margaret. This was the first time they had given two names to a child, and one wonders if this reflected a new fashion. Presumably the name Frances came from Elizabeth’s sister and both Elizabeth and Richard had a sister Margaret. Richard’s sister is mentioned in this letter. Interestingly, she had been writing to Richard Legh as well. One wonder about what?
DP397/13/18. 5 August 1661
Authorization: Elizabeth Crosse of Crosshall, wid. to Edward Dicconson, Samuell Andrewes and Peter Adlington, gents. Attorneys in Common Pleas, to appear for her upon an ‘originall’ brought by Richard Standish of Duxbury, esq., in the above court at Lancaster, in £200. 5 Aug. 1661.
There is no way of judging what lay behind this and whether Richard was acting in his own capacity or as a former MP. It does indicate, however, that he had not retired completely from public life and litigation.
Regrettably, this is the last public act recorded about Richard. Just five months later their last child died before being given a name, and the final tragic events followed swiftly.