6.3. Colonel Richard [11B1] (c.1597-1662)

Helen Moorwood 2013

N.B. By clicking on the coloured title you can return to the original articles written in early 2004 and placed by Peter Duxbury on A Duxbury Family Website in March 2004, where this one still is, under:

Helen's Story: from Duxbury to Shakespeare. The story of William Shakespeare's Lancashire Ancestry, by Helen Moorwood

12. Colonel Richard Standish of Duxbury (c. 1597-1662)

Second marriage

N.B. Most of this still stands, some silently corrected; also see the update at the end. Meanwhile, this is part (8) of (1) to (16) CR. [2013 HM]

6.3. (8) CR Second Marriage

Between these battles in Lancashire in 1648 and 1651 Colonel Richard had lost the last of his seven children (buried 24 February 1650) from his first marriage and married again. [He actually married again in 1647; see below.] With a new wife, the war over and as the largest local landowner, a happier life must have seemed to be on the horizon. He helped the local poor (DP397/5/1-2) and in September 1654 became one of the two MPs for Lancashire. The “curious story” noted by Farrer (VCH vol. 6, p. 210, n. 9, referring to Cal. Com. for Comp. i, 392) concerned payments due for sequestered lands, in which he comes across as a tough character. He put the money due on a table, then swept most of it up again, insisting that these were debts owed to him, and stomped out. Which lands these might have been is not known.  

His second wife was Elizabeth Legh of Adlington* in Cheshire, a junior branch of the Leghs of Lyme near Stockport, one of the leading gentry families just over the border in Cheshire, also with lands in Lancashire. Both halls are still there today. Richard’s mother was a Legh of Lyme, granddaughter of Sir Piers Legh, so Elizabeth was a cousin of some degree.*

[*Since this was written in 2004 the Standish-Legh marriages have been pursued. All known details are now incorporated in Family Tree 3. FT6. Colonel Richard’s in-laws: LEGH of Lyme.]

Intriguingly, this ancestry ties her to many families who appear in the ‘Shakespeare in Lancashire’ story, not least to a whole series of eminent Sir Piers Leghs of Lyme (in North Cheshire) and Winwick (in Lancashire), one of whom was at Bosworth, with others popping up regularly in the Shakespeare and Arderne stories. Incidentally, and yet highly significantly, one of the executors of the will of yet another Sir Piers was Robert Arderne, who left his own will of 1540. This was picked up as a potentially significant clue relating the Ardernes to the Leghs and Hoghtons by Enos (2000), who gives a facsimile transcription in her Appendix I, pp. 162-3 (from Lancashire and Cheshire Wills, Chetham Society Old Series, Vol. 51, pp. 138-141). Yet another Sir Piers Legh was a dedicatee of an epigram by Lancashire poet John Weever in Epigrammes, 1599, which ties him fairly directly to Shakespeare. 

The baptisms of the children from this marriage were all at St Laurence’s Chorley:  


21 Jan

Richard sonne & heir


18 Apl



6 May



8 Sep



12 Oct



8 Jan



4 Aug



2 Nov



4 Dec

Francesca Margarata

Another child was buried in January 1662 before it had been given a name. It is easy to see where the first few names came from: Richard from his father and grandfather, Dorothy from Auntie Dorothy, Peter from various Legh relatives named Peter/ Piers, Ann was Elizabeth’s mother and ‘cousin’ Alexander had bequeathed his Duxbury estates to Richard. We can presume that Elizabeth was much younger than Richard, who was in his 50s and early 60s when he became the father of his second family. This marriage is commemorated in a stained glass window in St Laurence’s. [See 8. MISCELLANEOUS. Coat of Arms 2.]


Update 2013

Shortly after writing the above in 2004 (and it appearing online), a set of 7 Standish of Duxbury documents was purchased in Chichester by Dr Jonathan Sheard, who kindly forwarded them to relevant folk in Chorley, where they were duly transcribed by the St Laurence Historical Society. One of these specified the year of Col. Richard’s marriage to Elizabeth Legh as 1647. This in turn made it impossible for the Ellen buried in 1649 to have been Richard’s first wife Ellen Standish née Lees, and must have been the only other Ellen Standish in sight: a spinster younger sister of Alexander[10A1].

The transcription is reproduced in full below. The date is of great interest. On the assumption that this jointure on 25 November 1647 was granted soon after the marriage, it places it several months after the grant to Col. Richard of Duxbury Hall and all dependent estates by Margaret, widow of Colonel Alexander[12A2]. Richard’s sudden acquisition of a Lordship and wealth must have made him a very attractive spouse for the daughter of such an influential family as the Leghs of Lyme. It must also have posed problems because of their relationship by blood: Richard and Elizabeth were second cousins. However, this was obviously no deterrent.

It also provides the information that Elizabeth’s widowed mother Anne was living in York. We know that Anne’s husband Piers Legh of Lyme had died in 1624, and she had presumably returned in her widowerhood to her own family, the Saviles of Howley in Yorkshire. Her father had built Howley Hall, described on Tudors in West Yorkshire - Howley Hall.


Jointure of Elizabeth Standish, 1647



            This Indenture made the five and twentieth day of November in the three and twentieth yeare of the reign of our Soveraigne Lord Charles, by the grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith etc,

            Betweene Richard Standish of Duxbury in the County of Lancaster, Esq[uire], of th’on p[ar]tie,

And Antony Foxcroft of Halifaxe in the Countie of Yorke, gent, and Robert Coniers of Rawcar in the said Countie, gent, of th’other p[ar]tie,

            Witnesseth that the said Richard Standish, for and in considerac[i]on of a Marryage had and solempnized betweene him and Elizabeth his wife, one of the daughters of Anne Legh of the Citie of York, wydowe,

And for the assuring of a Jointure to the said Elizabeth in full recompence and satisfacc[i]on of her dower and title of dower of, in and to all and every the lands and Tenements of the said Richard Standish, according to former agreementes before the said marriage,

            Hath given and granted, and by these p[re]sents doth give and grant, unto the said Antony Foxcroft and Robert Coniers,

            One annuitie, annuall or yearely rent charge of Two hundred and Fiftie pounds of lawfull money of England,

To be issuing and going out of all those his Mannors or Lordships of Duxbury, Heapy, Whitle in the woods, Heath Charnocke and Anlezarch:

And out of all his, the said Richard Standish, his messuages, lands, groundes, Tythes and other hereditaments, with their and every of their appurtenances, in Duxbury, Heapy, Whitle in the woods, Heath Charnocke, Anlezarch, Worthington, Standish, Langtree and Choreley, or Elswere in the said County of Lancaster,

To have and to hold the said Annuitie or yearelie rent of Two hundred and fifty pounds to the said Antony Foxcroft and Robert Coniers and their heires, ymmediatlie from and after the death of the said Richard Standish for and during the terme of the naturall life of the said Elizabeth,

To be paid at the Feasts of Penticost, comonly called Whitsontide, And St Martin the Bishoppe in Winter, comonlie called Martinmas, by equall porc[i]ons, Att or in the Church porch of Wiggin in the said Countie of Lancaster, The first payment thereof to beginne at whether [ie whichever] of the said Feasts shall first happen after the death of the said Richard Standish,

            And if it shall happen the said yearely rent to be behinde or unpaid, in p[ar]te or in all, by the space of Fortie dayes after any of the said dayes of payment;

That then and soe often, the said Richard Standish, his heires and assignes, shall forfeit and lose for every day after the said Fortie dayes, Fortie shillinges of lawfull money of England, nomine pene [in the name of a penalty], untill the said arrerages shalbe satisfied:

            And that it shall and may be lawfull to and for the said Antony Foxcroft and Rob[er]te Coniers, their heires and assignes, to enter into the p[re]misses, or any p[ar]te thereof, and to distreine swell for the arrerages of the said Rent, as alsoe for the summe of money to be forfeited (nomine pene) as aforesaid:

       And the distresse and distresses soe taken, to detaine and impound untill the said arrerages and sums soe to be forfeited (nomine pene) shalbe fully satisfied and paid,

            Provided alwayes and upon Condic[i]on:

            That if the said Richard Standish shall at any time hereafter during his naturall life, by and with the consent of the said Elizabeth, Assure, or cause to be assured unto her, pr to her use, Landes and Tenementes of a good and indefeizible estate, for the terme of her life, of the Cleere yearly value of Two hundred and fiftie poundes, above all charges and reprizes, for Jointure, and in satisfacc[i]on of her Dower;

            That then and from thence forth, the said yearely rent of Two hundred and fiftie poundes shall cease and determine.

            In witnes whereof the said p[ar]ties to these p[rese]nte Indentures, their handes and seales Interchangablie have sett, the day and yeare first above written.

Annoq[ue] d[omi]ni[and in the year of our Lord] 1647.


                                                                                              Ri. Standish


[Written on reverse:]


            Sealed and Delivered in the presence of us,

Gerard [?]Jackson

… [?]Rowe

            Willi: [?]Barroby

            Robert …

            Rich: [?]Ashworth


            Joynture deed 1647


Rich’d Standish


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