STANDISH OF DUXBURY

6. BIOGRAPHIES

6.3. Colonel Richard [11B1] (c.1597-1662)

Helen Moorwood 2013

6.3. (9) CR MP

At this point we depart completely from the 2004 attempt at Colonel Richard’s biography. Having had a presumed career as a successful businessman, then Lord of the Manor of Duxbury from 1647 onwards, and his period as a soldier during the Civil War, rising to Colonel, he entered into his final career as a Member of Parliament. We have already read a brief account in his Wikipedia biography (in 6.3. (1) CR Introduction). Let us re-read the relevant parts (dates in red are corrections/ additions explained previously).

Richard Standish(c.1597 – March 1662) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commonsin 1654, 1656, 1659 and 1660. He was a colonel in the Parliamentarianarmy in the English Civil War.

In 1654, he was elected Member of Parliamentfor Lancashirein the First Protectorate Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Lancashire in 1656 for the Second Protectorate Parliament. In 1659 he was elected MP for Prestonin the Third Protectorate Parliament.[2] He was re-elected in March 1660 for Preston in the Convention Parliament, but the election was declared void on 20 June.[2]

Reference [2] was to The History of Parliament online.

Let us see what is given there: (the text is exactly as below; the formatting needed to be changed; wrong details are indicated by (X); queried details by (?) or as appropriate. My notes added/ indicated in square brackets.

STANDISH, Richard(1621(X)-62), of Duxbury, (Standish), Lancs.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer.

Constituency                                Dates

LANCASHIRE                             1654

LANCASHIRE                             1656

PRESTON                                     1659

PRESTON                                     c. Apr. (?March) - 20 June 1660

Family and Education

bap. 21 Oct. 1621(X), 3rd but 2nd surv. s. of Thomas Standish† (d. 1642) of Duxbury (X) by 1st w. Anne, da. of Sir Thomas Wingfield of Letheringham, Suff. (X)m. Elizabeth, da. of Piers Legh of Lyme, Cheshire, 6s. 3da. suc. bro. 1648.(X) 1[i]

Offices Held

Capt. of ft. (parliamentarian) by 1643, [i] col. 1648.2[ii]

J.p. Lancs. 1648-?d., commr. for militia 1648, 1659, Mar. 1660, assessment 1649-52, 1657, Jan. 1660-d., col. of militia ft. 1650, capt. of militia horse Apr. 1660.3[ii]

Biography

Standish’s ancestors were established in the parish from which they took their name by the reign of Richard I. The senior branch, residing at Standish Hall, had Catholic tendencies, but the Duxbury family was Protestant under the Stuarts. Standish’s father sat for Liverpool in 1626, and for Preston in both the Short and Long Parliaments as an opponent of the Court. He died in October 1642, a month after Standish’s eldest brother, a royalist captain, was killed at the siege of Manchester. [i] Standish himself, a Presbyterian, was in arms for Parliament in both wars, and after succeeding to the estate represented the county under the Protectorate. But by 1657 Roger Whitleynoted him among the local Royalists. [iii] At the general election of 1660 he was returned for Preston and marked as a friend by Lord Wharton. [iv] An inactive Member of the Convention, he was named only to the committees to cancel all grants since 1641 and recommend provision for maimed soldiers. His election was declared void on 20 June, and it is not likely that he stood again. He died in March 1662. His son was created a baronet in 1677 and returned for Wigan as a Whig in 1690.4

Ref Volumes: 1660-1690

Authors: M. W. Helms / Irene Cassidy

Notes

1.Chorley Par. Reg. (Lancs. Par. Reg. Soc. xxxviii), 40, 103; Croston, Lancs. iv. 244; Ormerod, Cheshire, iii. 677; VCH Lancs. vi. 210.[i]

2.Military Procs. in Lancs. (Chetham Soc. ii), 85, 252. [ii]

3.Lancs. RO, QSC 49-62; CSP Dom. 1650, p. 509; Parl. Intell. 23 Apr. 1660. [ii]

4.VCH Lancs. vi. 208; R. Halley, Lancs. Puritanism and Nonconformity, 155, 175;[ii] Keeler, Long Parl. 347-8; [ii] Military Procs. in Lancs. 46, 51, 55; [ii] Newcome Diary (Chetham Soc. xviii), 63, 67.[ii]

Notes by HM.

First and foremost one is grateful to all named above who contributed to this biography. Some of the military details had never been brought together before and should, of course, be re-examined and incorporated in any future full biography. Those that came as a surprise to me are indicated in small Roman numerals in square brackets.

[i]The reasons for all the red have been given previously. Until recently, it was always considered that Colonel Richard was Richard[12A3] from Family A, whereas he was beyond doubt Richard[11B1] from Family B. All the historians sourced in Note 1 were in the 19th or early 20th centuries, long before the Standish of Duxbury Muniments turned up in 1965.

[ii]I read all these extra positions held by CR with delight and chagrin – the latter emotion because I had not hunted in these particular volumes. I shall pursue all these references asap. Grateful thanks again to all who contributed to this enlightening account, filling in many gaps in CR’s biography.

[iii]Although rather recent news to me that CR was noted as a local Royalist in 1657, it came as no great surprise. This was a time of reconciliation and licking of wounds among all surviving Standishes of Duxbury. We will be covering specific cases under 1655 and 1657.

[iv]That he was noted as a friend by Lord Wharton is interesting. Philip, 4th Baron Wharton (1613-1696) (several biographies online) seemed to follow similar religious and political allegiances to Colonel Richard. Although following Cromwell on many matters, he disapproved of the execution of Charles I, and subsequently accepted the Restoration of Charles II. It might have been an expression of similar views that had led to CR being noted as a local Royalist in 1657.

Although further research into his Parliamentary career would no doubt produce interesting details, it is the events back in Lancashire which are of most relevance for the continuing story of the Standishes of Duxbury and their ‘cousin’ Captain Myles Standish in Duxbury, Massachusetts. It is on these that the final sections of CR’s biography concentrate.

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