STANDISH OF DUXBURY
6.3. Colonel Richard [11B1] (c.1597-1662)
Helen Moorwood 2013
5.5. (3) CR Friends & Relatives
It seemed worth spending a little time listing all the people in Colonel Richard’s Will & Codicil and seeing what details could be unearthed about them. Apart from being interesting in their own right, some of these must have known about most of the recent history of the Standish of Duxbury family, and this included distant ‘cousin’ Captain Myles in America. We know from his Will of 1656 that his Lancashire lands had been “surruptuously detained”, and the only possible interpretation in the historical context is that during the Civil Wars, the tenants of these lands had somehow been caught up in sequestrations and decided that they would hang on to these lands and not acknowledge their previous owner.
Standish of Duxbury
Richard Legh of Lyme
Sir Roger Bradshaw of the Haigh
Lawrence Rawsthorn of the New Hall
Henry Porter of Lancaster
Henry Welch, curate
Others: landowners & tenants
A VP with relatives
A few details and brief biographies (as far as known) of some of the people named give a general picture of the little world surrounding son and heir Richard, aged only eleven at the death of both of his parents. Col. Richard presumably knew that he was on his death bed when he wrote his Codicil. He wrote it on 10 March 1662 and perhaps died the next day, because he was buried on 14 March. One can only assume that he was still alert enough to make the best choices possible for the future of his children, and that some of these played an important role in their upbringing and education. This certainly seemed to be the case for young Richard, thus equipping him admirably for his future role as Lord of the Manor. He followed a similar career to his father, as MP and in the military, and was rewarded for his public career by a baronetcy in 1677. He was, of course, the main beneficiary in his father’s Will.
Standish of Duxbury
Son and heir Richard is in first place, of course. His second son Peter, third son Alexander, fourth son Raph and fifth son John are all named in 1657, but in 1661/2 are lumped together with their sisters and newcomers as “my eight children” (two up from “six small children” in 1657). From the spelling of “Raph” one can assume the continuing pronunciation of this name as a diphthong without the ‘l’, as is still true today of all the Ralph (Raphe) Asshetons over at Downham.
From Chorley Parish Registers we know that there were three more children born after 1657: Hugh in 1658 (bap. 2 November), Frances Margaret (bap. Francesca Margarata 4 December 1660) and an anonymous child, whose burial without baptism indicates death soon after birth. This birth possibly led to Elizabeth’s death eight weeks later, although husband Richard was buried just eight days after his wife, with the implication in turn that they might both have died of the same disease. Two out of three of these last named children survived until at least early 1662. No research has been undertaken about their future lives of any of the younger children.
Col. Richard’s brothers Raph[11B4], Gilbert[11B5] “my second brother” and Henry[11B6] “my third brother” are all named in 1657 but not repeated in 1661. These were all half-brothers, born to his father’s second wife, and all named on the 1613 Visitation Pedigree of the family. Missing are brothers Peter[11B2] and Alexander[11B3], who one might thus presume to have died before 1657. The very existence of three brothers in addition to four or five sons seemed surety enough that Duxbury Hall and all dependent estates would stay within the family for quite some time to come. As it turned out, none of these elaborate provisions were called upon, because son and heir Richard survived to maturity. No research has been undertaken about the lives of any of the brothers.
Those named can all be seen on Family Tree 3. FT 6. Colonel Richard’s in-laws: LEGH of Lyme.
His wife Elizabeth née Legh was sole Executrix of his 1657 Will but had just died, buried on 6 March 1662, which caused Col. Richard to write his Codicil on 10 March 1662. In her place he appointed as Executrixes her two married sisters Frances the wife of Lawrence Parsons of Newton hall in the County of York Esq. and Margaret the wife of Thomas Braithwaite of Ambleside in the County of Westmorland Esq.. Their husbands were duly appointed Overseers, along with Henry Welch, whom we will meet in detail later. It is worth pointing out that they were not just Executors and Overseers of the whole estate, but very specifically received the inheritance of all the lands bought by Col. Richard. This was to distinguish these from Duxbury Hall and all dependent estates which he had received when the widow of Col. Alexander[12A4] had handed them all over to Col. Richard, with the resulting change in the Lordship of the Manor from Family A to Family B.
And lastlyI do give and bequeath unto my said Executors Frances Parsons, Margaret Braithwaite, and Henry Welsh, and their heirs, All my lands tenements and hereditaments of and in Chorley, Knowley, Kindsleys tenement and Heath Charnock, which I have purchased from the several persons in my said will specified, And all other my purchased lands whatsoever with the appurtenances, And likewise all my personal estates, for and towards the payment of all and singular my debts and legacies, . . .
The mother of Elizabeth, Frances and Margaret, Mrs Anne Legh née Savile, widow of Piers X Esquire (died 1624), appears posthumously in the 1657 Will because of her own Will of 9 July 1655, in which she had granted £600 to her Standish grandchildren, to be distributed after ten years. In 1661/2 this obviously still remained to be distributed, and the best person to be in charge of this would be Overseer Richard Legh, Anne’s nephew and Elizabeth’s cousin, who had inherited Lyme Park and the Lordship of the Manor and was thus, of course, head of Anne’s remaining family and in charge of distributing her legacies.
Richard Legh of Lyme
Richard Leghemerges as probably the most important person in Col. Richard’s Will and Codicil. Not only was he a close relative (first cousin of wife Elizabeth), and a politician and major landowner, but he had been left an orphan at the age of twelve, similarly to the threatened imminent fate of young Richard Standish. He must have been considered by Col. Richard to be ideal in every respect to oversee the inheritance of his son (and other children, of course).
Richard Legh had been one of four to whom Col. Richard had transferred ownership of many of his manors a few months before he wrote his Will on 29 September 1657.
Whereasby one deed of feoffment bearing date the twenty fourth day of June last past before the date hereof, I have conveyed my Manors and Lordships of Duxbury, Heapey, Whittle in le Woods, Heathcharnock, Anlezarch and Chorley,
And all that my Capital Messuage and tenement called Bradley Hall lying in Standish Langtree and Worthington, unto Richard Legh of Lyme in the County of Cheshire Esquire, Roger Bradshaig of the Haigh, Lawrance Rostorne of the new hall, and Henry Porter of Lancaster in the County of Lancashire Esquires, and their heirs,
It might be assumed that this was a follow up to a recent ‘fine’, summarised in a footnote in the Victoria County History:
In a fine in 1657 the moiety of the manor, with lands, &c., in Heath Charnock, Knowley and Chorley, the deforciants were Richard Standish, Elizabeth his wife, Robert Charnock and Mary his wife, while the plaintiffs were Edward May and Gilbert Standish, probably trustees for the first named; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 160, m. 155.
(VCH Lancashire, Vol. 6, Heath Charnock, pp. 213-217, Footnote 12.)
This sequence of events is so important for Col. Richard’s story that the documents were dealt with in depth and at length in previous sections under the relevant dates .
The two Richards had already been in contact and were in regular contact from then on, with four letters from Col. Richard to Richard Legh surviving in the ‘Legh of Lyme Muniments – letters’ (John Rylands Library). These are of interest in the current context mainly to show this continuing contact by letter.
1. Duxbury, 17 April 1657, signed “your Affeccionate kinsman and humble servant Ri: Standish”
2. Duxbury, 8 May 1657, “Outside, with seal: ffor his much honoured kinsman Richard Legh Esq one of the members of parliament”
3. Duxbury, 15 March 1659. This was an initial transcription made by HM with not too much time to spare before catching a plane at Manchester airport. The letter is still there, should anyone wish to decipher the rest. It is of most interest in the current context because of the names mentioned of those meeting in Preston during the last stages of the Interregnum. Charles II was restored to the throne on 29 May of the following year.
4. Duxbury, 24 (February?) 1660 (1661). The content is of interest in that at this late stage it is being considered necessary to raise local militia, “to raise them after the old way, by freehold and trained bands, they are to be 50 horse”. For the broader picture leading up to this, one can consult the authoritative Stephen Bull, The Civil Wars in Lancashire 1640-1660 (2009). Col. Richard adds a personal note at the end:
my wife being in the ?? of A girle??
desiers her service my be presented to
you, and so doth my sister Margaret And
desiers that you will remember her And
shee desiers to know whether you have
received her letters
From this we know that Col. Richard’s sister Margaret as well as his wife Elizabeth had written to Richard Legh, MP – might they have been participating in the political situation, even though behind the scenes? Unfortunately no record has yet been discovered to reveal any of sister Margaret’s life or her whereabouts at this time. In fact we only know that she and sisters Catherine and Dorothy survived when all three were mentioned in ‘cousin’ Anne daughter of Thomas’s Will in 1651. And sister Dorothy was a signatory of the 1661/2 Codicil.
Richard Legh, because he was an MP, has received some attention from heraldic and parliamentary historians.
Richard Legh, esq. of Lyme, b. in 1634, “This gentleman’s mother,” saith Ormerod, “being a co-heiress of the Calveleys, the quarterings of the hero of Auray and Navarete, were appropriately united to the shield which had been borne in Agincourt, and graced by honorary trophies from Cressy.” He m. Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Checkley, esq. of Wimpole, in Cambridgeshire, and had issue:
(Burke, Commoners, pp. 687-8)
His brief biography is given on Wikipedia, with a reference providing details of his parliamentary career. He married Elizabeth Chicheley of Wimpole, Cambridgeshire, who was the (?grand-)daughter of Royalist Sir Thomas Chicheley (1614-1699), MP for Cambridgeshire 1661 ff. and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1679-78. (Various online entries give a variety of apparently muddled dates for this family, but Elizabeth was definitely the daughter of one of the Thomases.)
Sir Roger Bradshaw of the Haigh
Roger Bradshay/ /Bradshaig/ Bradshaigh/ Bradshaw of the Haigh (near Wigan) had been made a Knight of the Shire in 1660, as indicated in Col Richard’s Codicil of 1661/2. He was another of the four involved in the deed of enfeoffment of June 1657 before Col. Richard wrote his Will in September, and he was also appointed Overseer. He was also another fellow MP.
His son James having died before him he was succeeded by his grandson Roger, twenty-one years of age in 1599. (fn. 37) He also, after some wavering, adhered to the ancient religion, (fn. 38) but died in May 1641, before the outbreak of the Civil War. (fn. 39) His grandson and heir Roger, being then only thirteen years of age, took no part in the war, and the estates escaped the sequestration and forfeiture which would no doubt have overtaken them under the Commonwealth. (fn. 40) The minority, however, involved the placing of the heir under a Protestant guardian; he changed his religion and conformed to that established by law. (fn. 41) In 1679 he was made a baronet (fn. 42) ; he was knight of the shire in 1660, (fn. 43) showing himself an opponent of the Presbyterians (fn. 44) and also of the adherents of Monmouth. (fn. 45) He died in 1684, and his son Roger three years later, (fn. 46) when the third Sir Roger Bradshaw, his son, succeeded. (fn. 47)
(Victoria County History, Lancashire, Vol. 6, Haigh, pp. 115-118, British History Online)
Interestingly, his family was far from ‘conforming’. It seems worth giving another footnote about the Bradshaws of Haigh from the VCH, which explains the statement above about “the sequestration and forfeiture which would no doubt have overtaken them under the Commonwealth”. This situation is a strong contestant for the one which led to Captain Myles Standish’s lands being “surreptitiously detained”, on the assumption that whoever was in charge of them had similar religious leanings to those mentioned here.
Richard son of Roger Bradshaw of Haigh was baptized at Wigan, 28 Dec. 1601; Reg. 51. In 1623, on entering the English College at Rome under the name of Barton, he gave the following particulars: ‘My true name is Richard Bradshaw. I am in my twentysecond year, was born in Lancashire, and for the most part brought up there. My parents are Roger Bradshaw of Haigh . . . and Anne his wife. The former, who had been brought up in the Catholic religion, left it in his youth; at length, however, by the goodness of God, about six months ago, he again embraced the true faith and I hope will persevere in it until death. My mother, brought up a Catholic by her parents [Anderton of Lostock], has never professed any other religion. I have seven brothers and six sisters, all of whom are Catholics. I received some local schooling until my fifteenth year, when I gave myself up to hunting and suchlike youthful sports; but by good fortune being sent to St. Omers College, I applied myself to humanity studies. I was always a Catholic.’ He afterwards joined the Society of Jesus, and from 1655 to 1660 was head of the English Province; Foley, Rec. Soc. Jesus, i, 229–32, where extracts from his letters are given; vii, 78; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. i, 287; Dict. Nat. Biog.
Thomas Bradshaw, a younger brother, entered the English College from St. Omers in 1626, and made a similar declaration: 'My chief relations are uncles and aunts, all Catholics, except one uncle, Alexander Bradshaw, who is a Protestant'; Foley, i, 228. He also became a Jesuit and laboured in England from 1650 to 1663; vii, 79. A third brother Peter, also a Jesuit, served the English missions from 1650 to 1675, and was twice rector of the Lancashire district; ibid. vii, 77. Another brother, Edward, a Carmelite, after a term of imprisonment was banished, but returned to England and ministered at Haigh Hall; he was a student of English antiquities; Gillow, op. cit. i, 286. Another brother, Christopher, was a secular priest. Three of the sisters were nuns. A brother William was knighted by Charles I; his will is printed in Lancs. Wills (Chet. Soc. new ser.), ii, 66.
VCHLancashire, Vol. 4, Haigh, Footnote 38
The Visitation Pedigree of 1664, presented by Sir Roger, gives some of these relations: a sister and three aunts who were nuns in exile near the border between France and the former Spanish Netherlands.
Sir Roger also appears in the history of Chorley during the early years of the Restoration and Col. Richard’s last years. In the middle of all these turmoils he must have found it difficult to fulfill the requirements of an Overseer of a Will, but we must trust that he took seriously all these testamentary responsibilities.
Under the Commonwealth an uneasy peace prevailed, but uncertainty dragged on until the republican sentiments died in the ineffectual rule of Richard Cromwell. In 1660 Charles II was restored to his throne; the erstwhile ruling powers now endured a period of bitter defeat, various factions challenging for influence. The restored Royalist faction set about reforming the county militias, recognizing the fact that the new legally constituted authority might need the weight of armed forces in local communities to establish firm rule. The authorities still focused their fears on the disbanded and returned Cromwellian soldiers scattered all over the country. Sir Roger Bradshaigh of Haigh, on behalf of the king, had agents gathering information from far and wide of rumours of disaffection.
One of these was apparently Robert Baldwin of Chorley, a Royalist sympathiser, who wrote to Sir Roger in January 1660 with an account of an armed uprising supposedly being planned for Chorley. He reported a conversation with William Melling of Hartwood Green, whose servant, John Smith, had overheard a secret night-time meeting of plotters. The two alleged plotters talked about the recent militia reforms, one of them asserting, ‘They can raise none, but theire will bee a Hundred Souldiers raised in this towne with Armes upon Dayes Warninge, and those which will not rise wee will hang them att their own Doores’. No rising took place: perhaps sir Roger took steps to prevent it.
Two years later, in 1662, Sir Roger Bradshaigh was on the trail of Presbyterians around Aspull, who, although they were Royalists, would fight to protect their religious freedom. In June Sir Roger’s agents reported that Quakers would join the Presbyterians in an uprising, and that various Presbyterian ministers (including Welch of Chorley) would go to Scotland rather than conform. Plots and rumours continued. In 1665, after the Conventicle Act of 1664 and the Five Mile Act, Nonconformists still were suspected of treasonable activities. The militia were called to readiness in August and arms and ammunition were seized from dealers. The homes of suspects were searched for weapons, among them four families in Euxton, three in Eccleston and a number of people in Chorley. They included Alexander Brears (Breres), Eaves Lane; Thomas Wareing, Yarrow Bridge; James Roscoe; Thomas Moody of Heapey; and John Lowe of Duxbury.
(Heyes, A History of Chorley, p. 59.)
Lawrence Rawsthorne of the New Hall
Lawrence Rawst(h)orn(e)/Rostorne/Rosethorne) of the New Hall (in Edenfield, Rossendale, between Ramsbottom and Rawtenstall) was the third of the four involved in the deed of feoffment in June 1657, before Col. Richard wrote his Will in September 1657, and was also subsequently appointed Overseer of his Will. The family coat of arms is given in VCH, Vol. 4, under Tottington, also in Rossendale.
A brief history of his family is onHistory, meaning and coat of arms for the Rawsthorne surname, including the following paragraph, which provides another example of a family caught up on opposing sides during the recent Civil War. His brother Edward had been prominent in the Royalist army under James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby.
His son Edward, who succeeded, married a daughter of Ditchfield of Ditton and, dying about 1622, was followed by his son Edward, who was Sheriff in 1629. Edward died about 1658 and his son, another Edward, is noted for his staunch defence of Lathom House in 1645, when the Countess of Derby held out against the Parliament forces for a considerable time. He was promoted from Captain to Colonel by Prince Rupert and had his estates sequestered. On his death his brother Lawrence succeeded and claimed the estates as a Parliamentarian. He was Sheriff in 1680.
Source: Lancashire Life Magazine, November 1958.
Most of these appear on the 1664 Visitation Pedigree of the family, including Lawrence, who is recorded as having presented it, although with no place and date of where, so it might be a copy delivered on another date to Sir William Dugdale. The name ‘Rosethorne’ presents yet another variation of spelling.
Henry Porter of Lancaster
Henry Porter of Lancaster was the fourth Overseer (also in the tripartite indenture of June 1657) and another fellow MP along with Col. Richard. Wikipedia obliges with a short biography:
Henry Porter(born ca. 1613) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1654 and 1656. Porter was the eldest son of James Porter of Lancaster. He was a major in the service of the commonwealth. In 1654, he was elected Member of Parliament for Lancaster in the First Protectorate Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Lancaster in 1656 to the Second Protectorate Parliament Porter was given as aged 52 in 1665. Porter had a son Henry who was also MP for Lancaster.
He presented a Pedigree to Sir William Dugdale in 1665, which shows no eminent ancestors, but confirms his standing in Lancashire.
Henry Welch, curate
Henry Welsh/Welch was not in the 1657 Will, but was introduced in the 1661/2 Codicil as an Executor, along with Elizabeth’s two sisters. He was a “clerke”, curate of St Laurence’s, Chorley, and receives excellent coverage by the historian of Chorley. We can only hope that Col. Richard celebrated the Restoration of the Monarchy with him in a suitable fashion and that in him he chose an able tutor for his children.
When Henry Welch took over as minister of Chorley in 1628 the first definite Puritan influence was felt. Welch laboured through the plague years, the Civil War, and the commonwealth until 1662 when, like many more, he refused to accept the re-enforced Book of Common Prayer and was deprived of the living. At his death in 1671 the register said of him ‘Minister there 35 years’.
(Jim Heyes, A History of Chorley, 1994, p. 31)
Chorley’s best known Nonconformist of the time was, of course, Henry Welch, curate of the parish church of St Laurence. Although he was a minister in the Established Church Welch’s outlook was fundamentally Puritan. He was appointed to St Laurence’s in 1628 as curate, and Welch’s superior as Vicar of Croston was James Hyett, BD, an even stronger supporter of Presbyterianism than Welch himself. When the call came for ship-money to be paid by the clergy of Lancashire in 1635 several local clergymen of Presbyterian leanings paid up – Dr Parr of Eccleston, Mr Leigh of Standish, Hyett of Croston and Bispham of Brindle – yet Welch (whose name appears as Walsh) and Mr Bradshsay of Penwortham paid nothing. Hyett’s generosity to those who suffered hardship during the Civil War enhanced his reputation, though he was deprived of his benefice in 1662 for refusing to submit to the Act of Uniformity. He died a year later, Welch preaching the funeral sermon at Croston.
During the Civil War the Presbyterians predominated, and Hyett and Welch became members of the local classis. When the Lancashire Church Survey appeared in 1650 it reported, ‘Mr Henry Welch doth Supply the cure there, & is a godly painfull preachinge Minister.’ Welch’s modest income derived, they said, from the various charities attached to St Laurence’s, Mr Hyett’s regular payment of 53s. 4d., and the profit of the glebe lands (a cottage and half a rood of land worth two shillings per annum). Welch’s best income, however, had come from the county committee via Mr Hyett in the sum of £18 annually. Welch’s Puritan stance seems to have been tempered by an ability to get on with others of different religious views; he was well regarded even by those who would be supposed to be his enemy. Nevertheless in common with two thousand other clergymen, he decline to agree to the terms of the Act of Uniformity of 1662. Consequently he was expelled from his curacy of St Laurence’s. There is a local tradition that Welch then opened a new preaching house in the town for his Nonconformist parishioners, on the site of what is now Park Street Unitarian Chapel. Prior to his death in January 1671 Welch acted as tutor to Sir Richard Standish of Duxbury. Edmund Calamy, writing in 1775, wrote of Welch that he was
a very humble, mortified man. Tho’ he did not excel in gifts, it was made up in grace. . . he was of so blameless a conversation that most gentlemen had a good word for him; and was esteemed so faithful, that Mr Standish of Duxbury (a person of great estate) left the tuition of his children to him, after his own and his wife’s death. And he discharged his civil as well as his ministerial trust so faithfully that the most critical adversary had nothing to say to his charge.
(E. Calamy, The Nonconformist’s Memorial: Being an Account of the Ministers
Who Were Ejected or Silenced After the Restoration. . ., vol 2 (Harris, 175), p. 88.)
According to the Revd Oliver Heywood, a Puritan minister, Chorley people rejoiced in the restoration of the monarchy under Charles II in 1660. The prohibitions on dancing and old customs were thrust aside and in celebration Chorley saw a fine maypole erected on the town’s green It bore a crown, coat of arms and a cross. For six years it was decorated with garlands for special events, and a piper was hired to play. In July 1666, however, during a severe thunderstorm it was hit by a bolt of lightning. Heywood witnessed the devastating effect on the maypole, which was shattered to pieces though set six feet into the earth.
(Jim Heyes, A History of Chorley, pp. 60-61)
1657 Thurstan Winstanley, Roger Gregson (his Marke), John Clayton, Henry Houghton.
1661/2 Ellis Heye, Mary Shuttleworth, Roger Gregson (his Marke), Rachel Heye, Penelope Lighfoot, Dorothy Standish, Sara Welch.
Roger Gregsonwas the only one who could not write, and we might presume that he was a tenant of one of the local cottages, or a worker on the estate. Thurstan Winstanley has two very local names, which implies a descendant of a family which had lived in the area for a long time. This also probably applies to John Clayton and Henry Houghton, the latter presumably a descendant of a much earlier younger son of the family over at Hoghton Tower.
Dorothy Standishwas presumably Col. Richard’s sister, who had certainly been living at Duxbury Hall in 1651 when ‘cousin’ Anne wrote her Will. Sara Welch was presumably a relative of Henry Welch, the curate at Chorley and one of the Executors in the 1661/2 Codicil. Mary Shuttleworth and Penelope Lightfoot can fairly confidently be identified as ‘maids’ at Duxbury Hall, and with these we have two names of women who helped to bring up the young family after the death of both parents. Interestingly, both were literate enough to sign their names.
This leaves us, intriguingly, with Ellis Heye and Rachel Heye in the 1661/2 Codicil. One of the surviving daughters of Thomas Standish the MP[11A1] was Kattleene/ Kathleen/ Katherine (born in 1623) and in 1656 she had married Ellis Haye of Chorlton Hall in Cheshire. Could this witness be one and the same? Ellis Haye presented a Visitation Pedigree to Sir William Dugdale in 1664, when he was thirty-three, so eight years younger than Katherine, which in itself is interesting. If Ellis Haye the witness was the same, then this shows another continuing connection of Col. Richard from Family B with Family A, the family he had ‘replaced’ at Duxbury Hall. Katherine was the sister of Gilbert[12A4], the other surviving brother beyond the Civil War of Thomas the MP’s children.
No Rachel appears here, but she could have been a ‘cousin’, who happened to be there when witnesses were needed.
Others: landowners & tenants
Others named in the 1657 Will were James Anderton of Clayton Esquire, Mr Gillibrand, (Mr Bimpson/Burnisson (his name was almost illegible in the original and left out – with just a gap – in the first large copy, but a Mr Bimson appeared in another document in 1656/7), Thomas Kindsley and Robert Charnock Esquire. Their names appearing in the Will seem to have served purely to identify which lands Col. Richard wished to include specifically as lands that he had bought, as opposed to those he had inherited in 1647 when Col. Alexander[12A2]’s widow had made over Duxbury Hall to Col. Richard. For the same purpose, just one tenant was named: John Wilding.
We are now left with three intriguing ‘others’: Edward May, Alexander Standish and John Farnworth, Gentlemen. All three had been named in the tripartite indenture of 24 June 1657, which had bequeathed or placed in trust all of Col. Richard’s lands to others, in three parts. (This indenture has disappeared, and so the only details we have are from Col. Richard’s Will and Codicil.) We will remember that this indenture was mentioned in the 1657 Will, but only included the names of the four trustees and Overseers whom we met above. This was then repeated in more detail in the 1661/2 Codicil as having contained three parts.
Richard Legh Esqr Roger Bradshay Esqr now Sr Roger Bradshay Knight, Lawrence Rausthorne and Henry Porter Esquires named trustees by one indenture tripartite made betwixt me the said Richard Standish and the said Elizabeth Standish of the first part Edward May Alexander Standish and John Farnworth Gentlemen of the second part, And the said Richard Legh Roger Bradshay & Lawrence Rawsthorne and Henry Porter Esquire of the third part, bearing date the 24th day of June Anno domini 1657 do permit and suffer the said Executors . . .
The four prominent personages, three Esquires and a Knight, were not only the trustees, but constituted those in “the third part”, “the first part” having been Richard and Elizabeth his wife. This leaves us with those in “the second part”, who, as far as one can judge (in the absence of the original document), were in 1661/2, as in 1657, on an equal footing with the others in all decisions taken about administration of
the rent issues and profit of all and singular the Manors lands tenements and hereditaments mentioned in the said Indenture (. . . . . ), for and during so long time and until my youngest Child which shall be living after my decease might accomplish the age of one and twenty years . . .
Now that both Col. Richard and Elizabeth were dead, this puts the collection and distribution of all the “rent issues and profit” in the hands of those in “part two” and “part three”. We will remember that the lands in question (the hereditary lands of Family A) had been listed in the 1657 Will:
All my Manors and Lordships of Duxbury, Heapey, Whittle in le Woods, Heath Charnock and Anlezarkh, and all that Capital Messuage called Bradley Hall and all my lands tenements and hereditaments thereunto belonging.
With this enormous trust and responsibility on the part of Col. Richard, it would be interesting to know who these three ‘others’ were.
Alas, we will probably never know exactly who he was, but we can be fairly confident that he was of the family at Farnworth House in South Duxbury, with the name of their house still retained until today. This house is one of the contestants for the site of Duxbury (Old) Hall, which in turn was the successor of the original Deowuc’s Burgh that gave Duxbury its name. If this assumption about the historical importance of this site is correct, then whoever was living here was somewhat higher up the scale than a ‘tenant’. At the very least, because of his appearance in “the second part”, he was a trusted Standish neighbour. One might assume that he was related to Edward Farnworth of Duxbury,appointed joint-executor of Captain Ralph Standish’s Will in 1637, along with Alexander Standish[11A4], Captain Ralph’s younger brother. (Full text of this Will in 5. WILLS, ADMONS & IPMS, 5.3. 1637 Captain Ralph.)
Edward May and Alexander Standish
We can lump these two names together and deal briefly with both here at the same time. This is not least because they both appeared in what I called (in 2004) the ‘Dynamite Document’ of 1655. At the time, the only Alexander Standish I could find still very definitely living in 1655 was Alexander son of Captain Myles Standish in America and reasonably presumed that Edward May was his English lawyer. However, shortly afterwards (in 2005), this Alexander Standish turned up in the 1661/2 Codicil (located in the John Rylands Library by Bill Walker, historian of and in Duxbury and author of Duxbury in Decline), and since then he has been identified beyond all reasonable doubt as Alexander[11A4].
He appears again at the end of the Codicil of 1661/2 (without Edward May) in another trusted role:
AndI do desire my true and loving friend Alexander Standish of “Leverpoole” in the said County of Lancaster Gent, and the said Lawrence Parsons and Thomas Braithwaite, to be overseers of this my last will and testament.
His biography has gradually emerged and is told in BIOGRAPHIES, 6.4. Alexander[11A4].
Edward May is still ‘on hold’. Interestingly, two Mays had turned up in Preston Guild Rolls in 1622, Sir Humphrey May being Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and his brother Thomas May MP for Liverpool. A little more about them appears in PRESTON GUILD.
A VP with relatives
The 1665 Visitation Pedigree below of As(s)h(e)ton of Gt Lever (and Whalley) shows several relatives of people in Col. Richard’s Will. Daughter 3 top right has “…………. wife of Alexander Standish of Duxbury, co. Lancaster, esq.” She was Alice, Alexander[11A4]’s mother. All these As(s)h(e)tons were therefore Alexander[11A4]’s ‘cousins’.
One of these was “Ellen, wife of Edward Rostorne of New Hall, co. Lancaster, esq.”. He does not appear on the Rawsthorne/ Rosethorne VP given above, although he was the brother of Lawrence, Executor of Col. Richard’s Will (notes on him above).
There are also two Shuttleworths of Gawthorpe, Padiham near Burnley, the family which presumably produced the witness Mary Shuttleworth. Nicholas Shuttleworth, a brother of Ughtred and Anne (on this VP, both married to As(s)h(e)tons), was married to Margaret, Alexander[11A4]’s niece.
These must all have been interested in what was happening back at Duxbury Hall.